Child mortality, child growth failure indicators improve from 2000 to 2017: Study

first_img Share Heartfulness group of organisations launches ‘Healthcare by Heartfulness’ COVID care app MaxiVision Eye Hospitals launches “Mucormycosis Early Detection Centre” Phoenix Business Consulting invests in telehealth platform Healpha WHO tri-regional policy dialogue seeks solutions to challenges facing international mobility of health professionals The missing informal workers in India’s vaccine story Menopause to become the next game-changer in global femtech solutions industry by 2025 Related Posts News Comments (0) Balram BhargavaBiharchild mortalityEClinicalMedicineThe LancetUttar Pradesh Read Article Child mortality, child growth failure indicators improve from 2000 to 2017: Study By Press Trust of India on May 13, 2020 Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals releases first “Comprehensive Textbook of COVID-19” The highest number of under-five deaths in 2017 were in Uttar Pradesh (312,800 which included 165,800 neonatal deaths) and Bihar (141,500 which included 75,300 neonatal deaths)Although child mortality and child growth failure indicators have improved substantially across India from 2000 to 2017, inequality between districts has increased within many states, and there are wide variations between the districts, according to findings of the India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative released recently.The first comprehensive estimate of district-level trends of child mortality and child growth failure in India published in The Lancet and EClinicalMedicine, stated that if the trends observed up to 2017 were to continue, India would meet the SDG 2030 under-5 Mortality Rate (U5MR) target but not the SDG 2030 Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) target.“34 per cent of the districts in India would need higher U5MR reduction and 60 per cent districts would need higher NMR reduction to individually meet the SDG targets,” it stated.Child and maternal malnutrition were behind 68 per cent of the under-five fatalities in India, while low-birth weight and short gestation led to 83 per cent of neonatal deaths.The findings, which are part of two scientific papers on child survival, have been published at a time when the country is fighting COVID-19 pandemic.Health experts say, “They remind us that while we must do all that we can to control coronavirus infection, other crucial health issues in India should also continue to receive attention commensurate with their contribution to health loss in India.”The studies stated that the under- five Mortality Rate (U5MR) dropped in India since 2000 by 49 per cent but there is a six-fold variation in the rate between the states and 11-fold variation between districts of India.There were 1.04 million under-five deaths in India in 2017, of which 0.57 million were neonatal deaths, down from 2.24 million under-5 deaths, including 1.02 million neonatal deaths in 2000.The NMR has dropped by 38 per cent since 2000 but there is a five-fold variation in the rate between the states and eight-fold variation between districts of India, the study stated.“The reduction in NMR has been less than for U5MR, and this reduction has been quite variable across states and districts,” the study said.Child growth failure, measured as stunting, wasting and underweight has improved in India since 2000, but their rates vary four to five fold between the districts of India and the inequality between districts within many states has increased, it stated.Lower respiratory infections (17.9 per cent), preterm birth (15.6 pc), diarrhoeal diseases (9.9 per cent), and birth asphyxia and trauma (8.1 per cent) were the leading causes of under-five death in 2017Preterm birth (27.7 per cent), birth asphyxia and trauma (14.5 per cent), lower respiratory infections (11 per cent) and congenital birth defects (8.6 per cent) were the leading causes of neonatal deaths in 2017. Also,80 per cent of the neonatal deaths were in the early period of 0.6 days.“The district-level trends reported in these papers provide useful guidance for identifying priority districts in each state that need the highest attention,” ICMR Director General Balram Bhargava said.Rakhi Dandona, Professor, Public Health Foundation of India and the lead author of the child mortality paper, said, “Comparison of child mortality trends in each of the 723 districts of India with the National Health Policy and SDG targets has identified the districts with high gap where more targeted attention is needed. Bringing down death numbers among newborns in the first month of life by addressing specific causes of death is crucial. Malnutrition continues to be the leading risk factor for child death and low birth weight is the biggest component in this risk factor.”K Srinath Reddy, President, Public Health Foundation of India said, “Reductions in under-five child mortality and neonatal mortality are promising as we move towards SDG targets.”“Even neonatal mortality which was previously slow to change is now showing improvement. This decline needs to be further accelerated. Child malnutrition is a major determinant along with maternal malnutrition for these deaths and should be accorded highest priority for corrective action,” he said.While stark inter-state and inter-district differences in health and nutrition continue to be challenges, these gaps must be bridged through effective and equitable social development, nutrition and environmental health programmes.“Our preoccupation with COVID-19 should not let these development imperatives slip into the shadows,” he underlined.The highest number of under-five deaths in 2017 were in Uttar Pradesh (312,800 which included 165,800 neonatal deaths) and Bihar (141,500 which included 75,300 neonatal deaths).The study stated U5MR and NMR were lower with the increasing level of development of the states. In 2017, there was 5.7 fold variation in U5MR ranging from 10 per 1000 live births in the more developed  state of Kerala to 60 in the less developed state of UP, and 4.5 fold variation for NMR ranging from seven per 1000 live births in Kerala to 32 in UP.The annual rate of reduction from 2010 to 2017 for U5MR ranged among the states from 2.7 per cent in Nagaland to 6.5 per cent in Telangana, and for NMR from 1.8 per cent in Nagaland to 5.5 per cent in the high SDI state of Tamil Nadu.The annual rate of reduction of NMR was lower than that of U5MR in all states during 2010-2017, but this varied considerably between the states, the study stated. Add Commentlast_img read more

Altavas extends curfew, reimposes liquor ban

first_imgMayor Denny Refol Jr. announced this move through his Aug. 30 Executive Order (EO) No. 41. It aims to limit the movement of people and slowdown the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).    Refol’s latest directive also made mandatory the wearing of face shield on top of facemask in all public places and private establishments.Under his EO, Refol enforced temporary curfew hours from 8 p.m. to 5 a.m.All persons within the territorial jurisdiction of Altavas during the temporary curfew hours are prohibited from going in and out of their residences, place of abode and/or roam around to loiter, stay or meander in all public places individually or in group.Exempted are those people with essential movements related to work and/or medical emergencies, government officials and employees performing essential and emergency functions and other individuals whose reasons are justifiable as determined by the mayor.Also, the selling, dispensing and transporting alcoholic beverages containing specific percentage of alcohol by volume or weight which may be in form of whiskey, brandy, gin, rum, cordial liquor, cocktail, wine, champagne, vermouth, basi, tuba, saki, beer, ale, stout, and others shall be prohibited.Altavas is the only town in Aklan to extend curfew hours and reinstate liquor ban. (With a report from Akean Forum/PN) KALIBO, Aklan – The municipality of Altavas in this province extended curfew hours and reinstated the prohibition on selling and consumption of alcoholic beverage. Altavas extends curfew, reimposes liquor ban. PDEA REGIONAL OFFICE VI REFOLlast_img read more

UK to host open football practice

first_imgKentucky head football coach Mark Stoops will open the team’s 10:30 a.m. practice on Saturday to media and fans, per a release from the athletic department on Wednesday.The practice will be held on the Tim Couch Practice Fields at the Nutter Training Center. There is a possibility the practice will be moved to the Nutter Field House next to Commonwealth Stadium in the event of bad weather.The athletic department asks that no one bring his/her own chair and that all attendees stay behind all signs, painted lines and all ropes.Free parking is available in the locations listed below:• C8 Lot behind the right-field fence of Cliff Hagan Stadium• E-Lot beside the Cliff Hagan Stadium• Small E-Lots on Sports Center Drive• Green Lot near Commonwealth Stadium (if practice is moved to the Nutter Field House)last_img read more

Arsenal beat Liverpool on penalties and took first trophy of the…

first_imgThe Arsenal team won against Liverpool after penalties in the opening match of the new season in England and lifted the Community Shield. The result was opened by the captain of the “gunners” Pierre-Emerick Obameyang in the 12th minute, but Takumi Minamino managed to equalize in the 73rd minute. The match had to be decided after penalties, where the Londoners showed stronger nerves and managed to score all five shots, while for Liverpool the decisive omission was made by the young Ryan Brewster.𝟮𝟬𝟮𝟬 𝗖𝗼𝗺𝗺𝘂𝗻𝗶𝘁𝘆 𝗦𝗵𝗶𝗲𝗹𝗱 𝘄𝗶𝗻𝗻𝗲𝗿𝘀: The Arsenal ✊ pic.twitter.com/yF9m2DyyJn– Arsenal (@Arsenal) August 29, 2020The hero of the team of Mikel Arteta became the star of the team Obameyang, who realized the decisive penalty, and before that he managed to find the result. In general, the quality of the match was not of the highest class and did not offer very attractive situations. However, Jurgen Klopp’s team lost this trophy for the second year in a row after penalties. Last season again the match ended 1: 1 in regular time, and then Manchester City managed to win it.Gulliver/GettyImagesThe Liverpool team started more actively in the first minutes and managed to stay in the half of the Londoners, but there was no real danger.The first dangerous situation came in the 7th minute, when Virgil van Dyke intercepted a cross by Andrew Robertson from a free kick, but the goal was canceled due to an ambush of the Dutchman, who really had it.In the 12th minute Arsenal opened with their first shot of the match. Bucaio Saka received the ball from the right half of Liverpool. The youngster turned the front of the attack with a good pass, where Pierre-Emerick Obameyang was. The Gabonese took the ball and with a fantastic shot from the edge of the penalty area scored the ball in the door of Alison – 1: 0. Auba 🤍 Wembley#CommunityShield | #ARSLIV pic.twitter.com/pvk8GtNqRM– Arsenal (@Arsenal) August 29, 2020Six minutes later, the Londoners could reach a second goal. Granit Jaka brought the ball to the right flank, where Saka was. The winger took the ball and with a good pass to the edge of the penalty area found the attacking Eddie Nketia, who with a great shot on the ground threatened the door of Liverpool, but this time Alison managed to kill in a corner.In the 27th minute, the “gunners” again organized a good attack, in which Saka combined with Nketia in front of the penalty area. The youngster adjusted the ball and shot, but over the door.Gradually, Liverpool recovered from the shock and moved bolder to the front. However, there were no dangers at Emiliano Martinez’s door. Several times Robertson freed himself from the left and made good crossings, but they did not lead to anything.In the 37th minute Joe Gomez made a shot outside the penalty area, but too inaccurate.Leading at the interval! 💪⚪️ 1-0 🔴 (HT)#CommunityShield | #ARSLIV– Arsenal (@Arsenal) August 29, 2020In the 51st minute Roberto Firmino overcame an opponent and shot from the edge of the penalty area, but the ball went past the left crossbar of Martinez.After an hour of play, the shifts began. Cedric Soares took the place of Hector Beyerin in the Arsenal team. Takumi Minamino and Nabi Keita appeared for Liverpool, replacing Nico Williams and James Milner, respectively.In the 56th minute Liverpool created its cleanest situation so far. Robertson managed to bring Sadio Mane out with a great pass from the left into the penalty area. The Senegalese managed to get out of Arsenal’s defense, but Emiliano Martinez managed to shorten the corner and parry the striker’s shot. The repetitions, however, showed that Manet was in an ambush, although no ambush was ruled.Liverpool tried to put pressure, but the Arsenal players managed to prevent the dangers at their door.In the 68th minute, reserve Takumi Minamino made a nice and accurate shot, but Martinez caught.Five minutes later, however, the Japanese was unmistakable and managed to equalize with his first goal for Liverpool. Manet combined with Mohamed Salah in the penalty area, he passed for Fimrino, and the Brazilian deflected for Minamino. The Japanese returned to Salah with one pass, the ball hit the Egyptian and fell very comfortably for Minamino, who sent it into the door. The situation was examined with Salah’s VAR handball system, but the hit was counted.Four minutes before the end of regular time, Cedric Soarsche centered on the right in the penalty area, where Willock managed to shoot dangerously with his head, but past Alison’s door.In added time, Sadio Mane made a good cross from the left into the penalty area, but on the far post Robertson shot over the door.Thus, the regular time ended and the winner will be decided after penalties. With them, the Arsenal players managed to realize all five performances, while for Liverpool Ryan Brewster made the decisive omission.ARSENAL – LIVERPOOL 1: 11:0 Pierre-Emerick Obameyang 12 ‘1:1 Takumi Minamino 73 ‘For penalties:0:1 Mohamed Salah – Hit1:1 Reese Nelson – hit1:2 Fabinho is a hit2:2 Ainsley Maitland-Niles – Hit2:2 Ryan Brewster – pass / beam /3:2 Cedric Soares is on target3:3 Takumi Minamino – hit4:3 David Lewis – Hit4:4 Curtis Jones – goal5:4 Pierre-Emerick Obameyang – goalStarting lineups of both teams:📋 Team news bang on time! ⏰🏆 Here’s how we line up for today’s game…🔜 #CommunityShield | #ARSLIV– Arsenal (@Arsenal) August 29, 2020ARSENAL (3-4-3): ​26. Emiliano Martinez – 23. David Lewis, 16. Rob Holding, 3. Kieran Tierney, 15. Ainsley Maitland-Niles, 25. Mohamed Elneni, 34. Granit Jaka, 2. Hector Bayern – 77. Bucaio Saka, 14. Pierre -Emerick Obameyang (k), 30. Eduard NketiaHead coach: Mikel Arteta📋 Today’s #CommunityShield team news… #ARSLIV— Liverpool FC (@LFC) August 29, 2020LIVERPOOL (4-3-3): 1. Alison – 26. Andrew Robertson, 4. Virgil van Dyke, 12. Joe Gomez, 76. Nico Williams – 7. James Milner (k), 3. Fabinho, 5. Giorgino Vainaldum – 10. Sadio Mane, 9. Roberto Firmino, 11. Mohamed Salah Head coach: Jürgen KloppChief Judge: Andre Mariner, EnglandStadium: Wembley, London, England Follow us anywhere and anytime with the mobile application of Gong.bg. You can download it from Google Play, App Store and AppGallery.last_img read more