HomeFeaturedCar crushing winds Feb. 04, 2020 at 10:13 amFeaturedNewsCar crushing windsTodd James1 year agoNo tags1234 High winds early Monday toppled a large pine tree on the 1500 block of Georgina Avenue crushing two vehicles.share on Facebookshare on Twitteradd a commentCrime Watch – Jacking jacketsCalifornia may pause student fitness tests due to bullyingYou Might Also LikeFeaturedNewsBobadilla rejects Santa Monica City Manager positionMatthew Hall6 hours agoNewsCouncil picks new City ManagerBrennon Dixson17 hours agoFeaturedNewsProtesting parents and Snapchat remain in disagreement over child protection policiesClara Harter17 hours agoFeaturedNewsDowntown grocery to become mixed use developmenteditor17 hours agoNewsBruised but unbowed, meme stock investors are back for moreAssociated Press17 hours agoNewsWedding boom is on in the US as vendors scramble to keep upAssociated Press17 hours ago
By Peregrine Storrs-Fox 27/03/2015 Developments, such as the SOLAS verification of gross mass for containers, which will become mandatory in July 2016, and the completion of the CTU Code, approved during 2014 by its three UN sponsors, will undoubtedly, so long as they adequately and consistently implemented, bring about some improvements in the rate of incidents. However, and ironically perhaps, to the extent that they are apparent, the benefits may accrue more to landside operations.It is therefore instructive to return to the MARIN report. The International Standards Organisation (ISO) has been tasked by IMO to address one of the other requirements, relating to the strength of items such as corner castings and lashing equipment amid concerns that the ‘racking and stacking’ capability of containers could lead to undue stresses.As a result, the relevant ISO standards (ISO 3874, Series 1 Freight containers, lashing and securing, and ISO 1161, Series 1 Freight containers, Corner and intermediate fittings – Specifications) are undergoing thorough review. This is particularly pertinent as the height of container stacks on deck increases.There are, however, other issues relating to ship planning, lashing, and dynamic shipboard information that need addressing.One of the consequences of increased ship size is a larger number of containers turning round in the terminal. Degrees of automation are seen almost universally as the only way to improve productivity. Automation has proved to be successful at moving the boxes themselves around, but what about the lashing equipment? Unsurprisingly, the industry has been innovating since the inception of containers, moving on from manual twistlocks (although, of course, many are still in use) to Semi-automatic (SATL) and Fully automatic (FATL) versions. The main thrust of such technological development is to help improve speed of operation and remove elements of the dangerous interaction of people, machinery and unforgiving heavy steel containers.However, there is some evidence that the FATL concept is not coping with the dynamic motion and vibration that can be experienced at sea, especially in heavy weather, and it remains to be seen what the industry (including ISO and IMO) will do about this.Significantly, regarding the incidences of bodily injuries, what also remains to be addressed is whether SATLs or FATLs are handled on the quayside or the manual twistlocks on board the ship – all need attention by personnel working on deck.Further, the lashing rods cannot be handled any other way and the need to stack higher means there is a demand to increase the size of the already very long and heavy rods – which have been instrumental in a number of serious accidents and injuries. Another option would be to raise the lashing platforms themselves, resulting in greater working height for the lashing gangs and probably creating access issues.Other concerns that have arisen include the hazards presented where loose lashing gear is left strewn around – a particular factor in feeder ship operations, where fast turnarounds and insufficient time in or between ports preclude crew or shore-based teams clearing away.Recent initiatives undertaken by ICHCA, including a major one-day seminar on the subject in Rotterdam in December, are aimed at bringing together all sides of the industry, including ship operators, terminal operators, classification societies, lashing and equipment manufacturers, lashing service providers, MARIN and other industry experts. It is hoped that such collaborations will result in pragmatic proposals on how the opposing pressures can be balanced, with a view to advising IMO on its next steps and how the maritime industry can continue to improve safety.This is part of a series of monthly guest posts from TT Club’s risk management director Peregrine Storrs-Fox in which he discusses some of the emerging safety and compliance issues in today’s global supply chains The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has acted on container weights, amending the Safety of Life at Sea Convention (SOLAS) to require verification, and it has progressed on packing by approving the IMO/ILO/UNECE Code of Practice for Packing of Cargo Transport Units (CTU Code).Both are significant moves to improve safety and cargo integrity. Now, as larger container tonnage becomes commonplace, it is time to turn the attention on lashing and securing.The advent of ground-breaking designs for larger containerships appears to offer greater opportunity for unit cost savings. Plans are afoot for ships even larger than the 19,000 teu giants recently entering service, with Lloyd’s Register and others talking of ships up to 24,000 teu. Inevitably, many ports and terminals are gearing up for this onslaught of mega containerships – and others will be exercised with the prospect of increased feedering activity utilising tonnage ‘cascaded’ from the east-west deepsea services and emerging ‘mega-hubs’.A number of concerns have been raised over the last decade about loss of containers at sea. The response to this has been centred at the IMO, where reports have been made by various Maritime Administrations into related casualties. A key input into the debate was the presentation in 2010 of the conclusions of the MARIN (Maritime Research Institute Netherlands) ‘[email protected]’ project. This was a cross-industry initiative, involving shipowners, lashing suppliers, classification societies and competent authorities, to investigate lashing loads and improve safety.
Jun 22, 2011Egyptian man dies of H5N1 avian fluEgypt’s Ministry of Health has confirmed that a 27-year-old man has died of H5N1 avian flu, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) today. The man, from the Deshna district of Qena governorate, first developed symptoms Jun 5, was hospitalized and given oseltamivir (Tamiflu) Jun 13, and died Jun 14. Officials said he had been exposed to poultry that were suspected to have avian flu. The case was confirmed by a lab in Cairo, a National Influenza Center of the WHO’s Global Influenza Surveillance Network. His case brings Egypt’s 2011 total to 31, including 12 deaths. Since 2006 the country has confirmed 150 H5N1 cases and 52 deaths. The global count for WHO-confirmed H5N1 cases now stands at 562, with 329 deaths, for a case-fatality rate of 58.5%.Jun 22 WHO updateFDA finds CSL probe into flu-vaccine side effects ‘inadequate’The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), in a warning letter released to the public this week, called the investigation into flu-vaccine side effects in children by vaccine maker CSL Biotherapies of Australia “inadequate.” The agency cited “a number of significant objectionable conditions” that contravened good manufacturing practice (GMP) at CSL’s plant in Parkville, Victoria. Last April Australian officials pulled CSL’s seasonal flu vaccine Fluvax from use in children younger than 5 years old after 23 children from Western Australia were hospitalized with post-vaccination convulsions and high fever, according to a report in the Melbourne-based Herald Sun today. The company’s investigation found that adverse events were reported in 1 in 10 children from one Fluvax batch, which is about 10 times higher than expected. By the time the vaccine was taken off the market, 67 cases of convulsions, high fever, and vomiting were reported. The FDA letter cited a lack of documentation of the investigation, limited analysis of the manufacturing process, no assessment of the testing of raw material, and other problems. In a response to the letter yesterday, CSL Biotherapies Executive Vice President Dr. Jeff Davies said, “Our technical team is in the process of preparing more substantive detail about our corrective actions to meet the FDA’s requirements. We will work diligently with the FDA to resolve these GMP issues as quickly as possible.”Jun 15 FDA warning letterJun 22 Herald Sun articleJun 21 CSL responseH1N1 vaccine did not raise maternal or fetal riskReports of adverse events after pregnant women received the 2009 H1N1 pandemic flu vaccine showed no unexpected problems with the vaccine, according to federal officials writing in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (AJOG) yesterday. Scientists from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the FDA analyzed data from the US Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), which is maintained by the CDC and FDA. VAERS received 294 reports of adverse effects, including 2 maternal deaths, 59 hospitalizations, and 131 pregnancy-related events. These included 95 spontaneous abortions (less than 20 weeks gestational age), 18 stillbirths (20 weeks or more), 7 preterm deliveries, 3 threatened abortions, and 2 cases of preterm labor, 2 of preeclampsia, and 1 each of fetal hydronephrosis, fetal tachycardia, intrauterine growth retardation, and cleft lip. Given the number of pregnant women who received the vaccine, none of these occurrences was out of the ordinary. The scientists conclude, “H1N1 vaccination in pregnant women did not identify any concerning patterns of maternal or fetal outcomes.”Jun 21 AJOG abstractMeasles spreads in New Zealand, UtahThe number of cases in a measles outbreak in West Auckland, New Zealand, has risen to 26, Radio New Zealand reported today. Most of the cases are linked to an unvaccinated student from Oratia Primary School who developed the disease after traveling to Britain through Singapore. The student then exposed others to measles. Health official Richard Hoskins urged people to get up to date on their immunizations.Jun 22 Radio New Zealand storyElsewhere, measles has spread from northern to central Utah, where the infection in a plant worker has required about 100 employees to stay home from their jobs, according to an article in The Salt Lake Tribune today. Central Utah Public Health officials said a Millard County resident tested positive after apparently contracting the disease while traveling to Logan to get married. The person works at a 500-person power plant, which has asked about 100 employees born after 1957 not to come to work until they can prove they have been fully vaccinated against measles.Jun 22 Salt Lake Tribune article