Chandigarh, Sep 6 (PTI) Centenarian sprinter Man Kaur, who has featured among the nominees for the prestigious Laureus World Best Sporting Moment of the Year 2017 Award, has sought the support of countrymen and sports enthusiasts around the world to vote for here in a global online poll. The 101-year-old Chandigarh-based Man Kaur is among the six contenders. She had won the 100 metres sprint at the World Masters Games in Auckland earlier this year. Kaur, who had earlier said that age was no bar to realise ones dreams, said today she was feeling happy to be featured in the category for the award. “I feel thrilled. I am feeling the same way as any youngster would. Now, I need support of my countrymen and sports enthusiasts around the world. Vote for me,” Kaur told PTI today. Kaurs 79-year-old son Gurdev Singh said he had received a communication from the Laureus recently informing him that his mother was going to be featured in the new category –Best Sporting Moment which will highlight the power of sport in changing the world. “My mother has been featured in a new category by the Laureus World Sports awards called Best Sporting Moment. She is one of the six contenders,” Gurdev said. “We appeal to people to vote for her by clicking on mylaureus.com and follow necessary instructions for voting. We need full support of our countrymen as their votes are crucial,” he said, adding people can cast votes over the next couple of weeks. Kaur, who won her first medal in 2007 at the Chandigarh Masters Athletics meet, is now eying to compete in Asia Masters Athletics Championship at Rugao in China later this month. Kaur took up athletics at the ripe age of 93 years “just for the heck of it” after seeing Gurdev run a race at Patiala. By winning the medal in Auckland, New Zealand, in April, Kaur added the 17th gold medal in her kitty. She had clocked one minute and 14 seconds as a small crowd cheered her on. In the run-up to the competition, Kaur left no stone unturned in her preparation doing five sprints of 50m each, one of 100m and one of 200m every alternate day. “I will continue to run and take part in competitions as long as I can. It gives me a lot of happiness when I run. I believe that age is no bar to chase and realise your dreams,” said Kaur, who is also called as Miracle Mom from Chandigarh. Besides Gurdev, Kaur has a 60-year-old daughter Amrit Kaur and a son named Manjit Singh, who is 72 year old. “I feel great that I am getting to travel places at this age,” she said with a smile. Gurdev said his mother also ran a non-stop 3km long race along with centenarian marathon runner Fauja Singh at Mohali a few years back. Kaur and Gurdev have taken part in dozens of Masters Athletics meets around the globe. She said that during her childhood she used to accompany the royal family of erstwhile Patiala state in summers to Chail in Himachal Pradesh and tend to their kids and the sick. Talking about her daily diet, she said, “I take boiled vegetables, wheat bread. I take healthy food, if you take junk food, then how can you run. I avoid fried food.” PTI SUN PDS PDSadvertisement
This post also appears on GreenBiz.com.Thousands of companies have developed greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories in recent years as a crucial first step towards measuring and ultimately reducing their emissions. Agricultural emissions are a large part of many of those inventories: farming is currently responsible for between 10 and 12 percent of global GHG emissions. Globally, agricultural emissions are expected to increase by more than 50 percent by 2030, according to the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).There is much uncertainty about how agricultural emissions should be reported in GHG inventories, a situation that hinders measurement and reduction efforts in the sector. To address this issue, the Greenhouse Gas Protocol is developing industry-wide best practices for reporting agricultural GHG emissions. Why are agricultural GHG emissions so challenging?Agricultural emissions are difficult to consistently measure and report because:The emissions are strongly affected by weather and natural landscapes. As a result, emissions from any one farm can vary widely over time due to droughts, heat waves, and other factors. Companies need to understand and account for these effects if they are going to track the impacts of changes in farming practices.Agricultural emissions are often calculated with a high amount of uncertainty. This is because GHG emissions from many agricultural sources, such as manure management and livestock, are shaped by complex microbial processes that are not fully understood. Such data uncertainty has to be transparently reported to enable effective decision-making.Changes in the amount of carbon stored in soil and biomass do not occur at the same time as shifts in farming practices. For example, a farm may switch from high-intensity tilling (a practice associated with high emissions) to conservation tillage (a practice associated with lower emissions), but the benefit would only accumulate over time as the soil carbon slowly builds up. This issue can make it difficult for companies to know if and when they should report changes in stored carbon.Companies vary widely in the extent to which they control different parts of agricultural supply chains, such as commodity production, processing, and retail. This issue can impact incentives to actually report GHG emissions as well as the comparability of GHG inventories.What is the GHG Protocol doing to improve agricultural emissions management?The GHG Protocol has been working for the past two years to develop a draft Agricultural Guidance, a new supplement to the 10-year-old Corporate Standard, outlining how companies can conduct GHG emissions inventories. The Agricultural Guidance explains how producers and their customers can report agricultural emissions in a consistent way and develop inventories that can be used to:Identify and prioritize reduction opportunities at the farm level,Set and track progress toward reduction targets, andCommunicate progress to customers and civil society.The GHG Protocol recently convened a workshop to review the Agricultural Guidance. More than 30 experts from business, government, academia, and non-governmental organizations were in attendance, and they emphasized the strong need for guidance that harmonizes accounting approaches in agriculture.The workshop confirmed key components of the Agricultural Guidance, such as how to track emissions performance over time. It also highlighted other key issues to explore. For example, one area that needs further study is whether qualitative information on farming practices can ever substitute for GHG emissions data. Another was how inventories can be used to track the climate impact of agriculture-driven deforestation, particularly when deforested land has been sold to new owners. Finally, participants discussed the land lease contracts that producers can enter into with U.S. government land owners (e.g., Bureau of Land Management) and how the Agricultural Guidance should play a pivotal role in defining how GHG emissions from leased land should be reported.The issues raised during the workshop emphasize the importance of consistent GHG measurement and the need to develop industry-accepted best practices that offer a credible approach to reporting emissions.The GHG Protocol team is currently integrating workshop feedback into the Agricultural Guidance and expects to release the final document in late 2012. With the new guidance, the agricultural sector will have a valuable tool to accurately measure and report GHG emissions.“Agricultural outputs are the key inputs for many food, beverage and biofuel products, and it is important for agricultural companies voluntarily reporting their greenhouse gas emissions to do so in a consistent and transparent way,” said Nick Shufro, a workshop participant and PricewaterhouseCoopers representative. “The draft WRI Agricultural Sector supplement provides important guidance for agricultural companies looking to report their greenhouse gas emissions in a credible fashion.”It’s still possible for companies and others to become involved in the development process for the Agricultural Guidance. For further information about the project or participation opportunities, please contact Stacy Kotorac, GHG Protocol Project Coordinator/Research Assistant, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The forum got underway on Thursday, August 22, at the Hilton in Bridgetown, Barbados Story Highlights The forum seeks to promote a common voice in advocating for the priorities of the Caribbean The forum is organised by the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women The Caribbean Forum on Gender Equality and Post 2015 Agenda got underway on Thursday, August 22, at the Hilton in Bridgetown, Barbados.Slated to end on August 23, the forum is organised by the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women.The forum’s objective is to ensure that gender equality advocates in the Caribbean have a common understanding of the importance of these global conferences on future development assistance frameworks in the region.It also seeks to promote a common voice in advocating for the priorities of the Caribbean.Representatives attending the forum include: UN Women Representative for the Multi-Country Office – Caribbean, Christine Arab; UN Resident Co-ordinator and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Resident Representative for Barbados and the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean StatesOECS, Stephen O’Malley; Minister of Social Care, Constituency Empowerment and Community Development, Barbados, Steven D. Blackett; Director, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) Sub-Regional Headquarters for the Caribbean, Diane Quarless; UNDP Deputy Resident Representative, Lara Blanco; and UNICEF Representative for the Eastern Caribbean, Khin-Sandi Lwin.The sessions throughout the days will focus around: the Caribbean’s Priorities within the Post 2015 and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) agendas; Global and Regional Discussions Impacting the Post 2015 Agenda and SIDS; Gender Equality in the Caribbean and Working Methodology for Development of the Caribbean Statement on Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement in Post 2015 Agenda; and advocacy strategies for Post 2015 and SIDS.
Quick facts: Nova Scotia Business Inc. (NSBI) has announced a newly approved production through the Nova Scotia Film and Television Production Incentive Fund today, July 17. The documentary, Bad Chad, produced by Spice Goddess TV Inc. (Ocean Entertainment Limited), has been approved for a funding commitment of $279,204 based on an eligible Nova Scotia expenditure of $946,455. More details about productions approved for incentives through the Nova Scotia Film and Television Production Incentive Fund are available on the NSBI website at http://www.nsbi.ca/filmfunding. the fund applies to eligible costs such as labour, goods or services purchased from a Nova Scotia-based supplier when an application is approved, NSBI issues a commitment letter which can be used for bank financing. When the applicant enters the official incentive agreement, the agreement can also be used for the financing process when the production is approved for a funding commitment, the funds are placed in reserve when the production is complete the applicant submits a final claim to NSBI for processing and disbursement all applications and claims are processed and approved by NSBI NOVA SCOTIA BUSINESS INC.—Film Production Announced To learn more about the application process, eligible costs and guidelines, go to Nova Scotia Film and Television Production Incentive Fund at http://www.nsbi.ca. -30-
Pune: An earthquake of magnitude 4.8 shook parts of Satara district in Maharashtra on Thursday morning, an official said. The epicentre of the quake, which occurred around 7.47 am, was recorded at a depth of 10 km, the official at the India Meteorological Department (IMD) centre here said. No casualty or damage to property has been reported so far, an official from Satara district administration said. Satara is located around 120 km from Pune.
Six stories in the news for Thursday, Feb. 1———MORE MURDER CHARGES EXPECTED FOR MCARTHURPolice in Toronto expect more murder charges to be laid against a self-employed landscaper who’s already accused in the presumed deaths of five men, some of whom disappeared from the city’s gay village. Police continue to search properties connected to Bruce McArthur, 66, who is already charged with five counts of first-degree murder.———PM TRUDEAU CONTINUES TOWN HALL TOURPrime Minister Justin Trudeau face more tough questions from Canadians at a town hall event in Winnipeg last night. The prime minister was grilled about the environment, foreign policy, immigration and other issues at last night’s event, which followed a meeting with his youth advisory council. The prime minister’s town hall tour moves to Edmonton tonight and Nanaimo, B.C. on Friday.———ONTARIO PCs TO NAME NEW LEADER MARCH 10Ontario’s Progressive Conservative party will select a new leader to replace Patrick Brown on March 10. There is currently only one candidate in the running to replace Brown — Toronto politician Doug Ford. The party has been in turmoil since last week when Brown resigned after vehemently denying sexual misconduct allegations which have not been independently verified by The Canadian Press.———‘O CANADA’ GOING GENDER NEUTRALA bill changing the lyrics to the national anthem has now passed both houses of Parliament, after a voice vote in the Senate Wednesday evening. The bill, which changes the line “in all thy sons command” to “in all of us command,” now requires only formal royal assent to become law. The change was the dying wish of Liberal MP Mauril Belanger, who had Lou Gehrig’s disease, to make the anthem gender neutral.———REPORT: WOMEN UNNECESSARILY SUFFERING FROM HEART DISEASEThe Heart and Stroke Foundation has issued a new report saying Canadian woman are “unnecessarily suffering and dying from heart disease” because of a system that is ill-equipped to diagnose, treat and support them. “Women are under-researched, under-diagnosed and under-treated, under-supported and under-aware … and we need to smash this glass ceiling,” said CEO Yves Savoie.———IMMIGRANT COUPLE GIVES $60M TO ARCTIC FUNDA Canadian couple says a decision to donate $60 million — the bulk of their wealth — to a fund aimed at promoting Arctic innovation was inspired by a deep love for the Far North and the people who live there. Seven years after founding the Arctic Inspiration Prize, Arnold Witzig and Simi Sharifi are handing over their fortune to a trust fund that distributes millions of dollars every year to northern groups whose work improves the quality of life for their community members.———ALSO IN THE NEWS TODAY:— Online and telephone voting begins to elect a new leader of the B.C. Liberal Party.— Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer will make a policy announcement in Ottawa.— The Supreme Court of Canada will render decisions in nine leave to appeal applications.— Companies reporting results today include Saputo Inc. and Resolute Forest Products Inc.— Court hearing in Halifax regarding Lorne Grabher’s compliant about a decision to revoke his GRABHER licence plate.
VANCOUVER — Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says he accepts the finding that Canada’s treatment of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls amounts to genocide.Debate has erupted over the definition of the term after the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls repeatedly used it in its final report released Monday.But Trudeau says people are wrapped up in a debate over the powerful term, when the focus should be on how to put an end to the issues raised by the inquiry.He says Canada has repeatedly failed Indigenous women and girls across the country.Trudeau says the tragedy of not treating cases of missing and murdered Indigenous women as a priority has to end.The prime minister made the remarks after announcing a $1.4-billion annual investment to advance the health and rights of women around the world starting in 2023.He was speaking at the Women Deliver 2019 conference in Vancouver on gender equality, telling the crowd the money makes Canada a global leader in funding sexual and reproductive health rights.The Canadian Press
Rabat – Moroccan youth are eager to know whether Parliament will pass the debated bill on mandatory military service.If passed, all Moroccan youth aged 19 to 25 would have to spend 12 months in military service unless they are exempted for a convincing reason.Government Spokesperson Mustapha El Khalfi said on Thursday, September 20, that the government would discuss the mandatory service “this week.” However, the government has given no indication that Parliament has considered it as of yet. When a ministerial council announced that it approved the draft bill in August, it sparked confusion among the public. The only indication mandatory service was in discussion came just two days earlier in the council’s agenda.A cure-all for youth issuesKing Mohammed VI, who abolished conscription in 2006, gave a royal statement supporting the military service, emphasizing that the mandatory service would aim to promote patriotism in youth.The statement followed the King’s continuous calls for the government to offer youth a good education and employment opportunities to fully empower and integrate youth to contribute to Morocco’s development.Read Also: Law on Mandatory Military Service May Come into Force at the End of 2019The government has been touting reforms to end growing dissatisfaction and social disparities in the country.Now the government asserts military service will “inculcate the spirit of citizenship in young people as part of a correlation between the rights and duties of citizenship.”While some citizens described the government’s argument as not “convincing,” political analyst Moulay Hicham Mouatadid told Morocco World News that the return “to the collective consciousness of the nation is paramount, provided that the spirit of citizenship prevails over inequality and social disparity.”Rumblings of discontentSocial disparities have caused demonstrations from the north to the south of Morocco. While the southern provinces decried a lack of drinking water in April, Morocco’s north witnessed protests against unemployment and a lack of medical facilities in the Al Hoceima province in 2016 and 2017.Jerada, an eastern city near Oujda, also saw massive protests against risky mine work.All the protests put the government under pressure, and the monarch expressed dissatisfaction with the pace of the implementation of the development model.Read Also: Mandatory Military Service Might Not Include Moroccan BinationalsMohammed Cherkaoui, a professor of Conflict Resolution at George Mason University in Washington D.C, remains skeptical that military service would solve the social crises in Morocco.The professor commented on the government’s statement that the military service aims to “promote patriotism.” Cherkaoui told MWN the statement “remains vague and reveals a deliberate move to make one tree prevent the view of the entire forest.”Cherkaoui speculated, “The decision remains a default tool of managing the acute crisis of Moroccan polity. While struggling with Rif and Jrada protests, controversial sentences of activists and arrest of journalists, resilient Boycott Movement, and other aspects of deepening social malaise,” he said.According to Cherkaoui, “Certain centers of power in Rabat thought the military service could be an ‘innovative’ strategy of containing the multi-layered crisis and shifting the public discourse.”The professor also questioned whether the bill would mitigate social inequality in the country.Better than unemployment?At the end of the 12-month training period, young people who completed the service would receive payment, according to Article 5 of the bill.Article 6 of Bill 44.18 on mandatory military service also promises to reward conscripts with grades according to the Royal Armed Forces’ current hierarchy standards.The bill may also call conscripts with technical and professional skills to fulfill specific missions within the military administration after completing the training.But will conscription solve high youth unemployment?Read Also: Draft Law on Mandatory Military Service Stirs Backlash in MoroccoA need for more transparencyFor some, the proposed bill came as a “shock” rather than a way to promote patriotism in youth.“The decision of mandatory military service is a shock to most young people because it came in an extreme manner without any discussion or participatory approach,” Abdellah Nizar, an activist, told MWN. Nizar is also a member of Morocco’s Forum of Modernity and Democracy.Nizar’s remarks supported the arguments of Morocco’s Istiqlal (Independence) party, which called on the government to use a pedagogical approach to correct “negative stereotypes” which make the military service appear like a “mechanism for discipline and punishment or for the suppression of energies and the spirit of initiative and creativity” among youth.The party also called on the government to communicate with people.According to Nizar, mandatory service may bear fruit if the government issues a full package with reforms in all sectors. However, he believes introducing military service to end all social problems is not the right decision.Patriotism or escalating conflict?On the other hand, Hicham Mouatadid said the military service has benefits: “the honor of defending the Moroccan homeland, the contribution to peace in the world, [and] participation in the effort of the development of their country.”He said that military service is one way to ensure “national cohesion, a formative and professional measure, and above all a duty of defense of the nation.”Nizar agreed that patriotism entails both rights and duties and that “there can be no rights without duties.”However, Nizar told MWN, “We cannot talk about patriotism” because Morocco lacks the “most basic rights.”“In the democratic world as a whole, we find youth at the forefront and in the most prominent positions in all sectors because those countries provide them with the possibilities and opportunities for success and did not question their patriotism,” he said.Professor Cherkaoui, however, sees the government’s move to re-introduce compulsory service as a mobilization for potential developments in the Western Sahara conflict.Bringing back military conscription “presupposes a would-be escalation of the Sahara conflict, and the State needs to secure additional forces by training male and female young citizens on how to bear arms, a classical overplay of the card of patriotism,” he said.Cherkaoui, who is also a former member of the United Nation’s Panel of Experts, added that some people believe that this “is not a far-fetched hypothesis if we consider the temporality of the decision three months before the UN Security Council decides the fate of the MINURSO peacekeeping force.”However, Cherkaoui acknowledged that others would disagree and respond, “Various geopolitical indicators contest the validity of such a hypothesis.”To keep youth at homeCould conscription keep more young Moroccans at home? Over the summer, many Moroccan youth attempted to cross the Mediterranean in flimsy boats to reach the Eldorado.El Khalfi said on Thursday, September 20, that Morocco accounts for 13 percent of undocumented migrants who attempted to reach Europe in 2018 (7,100 Moroccans).Pictures of potential migrants waiting for boats to cross from Morocco to Spain have gone viral on social media.Nizar said Moroccan youth do not hate their motherland, but they leave because “the state did not provide them with the possibilities and opportunities for success.”He believes that participation in the development of the country requires involvement and facilitation of access in all sectors.“It is not a year in the army that will make young people grow and develop their country!” he concluded.‘Can not this “better life” be granted to Morocco?’On Friday, Minister of Youth and Sports Rachid Talbi Alami said that Moroccans should be able to find a better life in their motherland instead of putting their lives in danger through undocumented emigration. “Can not this ‘better life’ be granted to Morocco or are there things that prevent this?”El Khalfi asserted earlier this month that Morocco has “great job opportunities,” emphasizing the government’s determination to fight migration networks.Melilla’s Minister of Social Welfare Daniel Ventura said that the military service has actually caused youth emigration from Morocco to the Spanish enclave.El Faro Melilla reported on September 22 Ventura’s remarks that since the ministerial council approved the compulsory military service bill, minors have escaped to Melilla to “evade it.”Renowned Moroccan philosopher and researcher Ahmed Assid told Morocco World News that youth interpret the government’s military service proposal as “punishment.”Assid is also a signatory of a statement against mandatory service, which was issued on August 25 by a Facebook group called “Moroccan Rally against Compulsory Military Service.”The statement called on the government to give priority to education, health, culture, and employment, as provided for in Article 33 of Morocco’s Constitution.From the group’s point of view, military service cannot help solve young people’s issues.“It remains merely a patchwork solution that shows the inability of the state to solve basic problems,” the statement reads.On September 20, El Khalfi said that if passed in Parliament, the military service bill might come into force as early as the end of 2019.
TOKYO — Share sank in Asia Thursday as investors fretted over trade tensions between the U.S. and China.Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index skidded 1.8% to 28,482.09 and Japan’s benchmark Nikkei 225 slipped 0.9% to 21,402.13. Australia’s S&P/ASX 200 gained 0.3% to 6,290.40. South Korea’s Kospi dropped 2.6% to 2,111.38. The Shanghai Composite shed 1.0% to 2,867.13.On Wall Street, a late-afternoon reversal added to the market’s losses following a steep sell-off a day earlier as investors worry that the costly trade dispute between the world’s two biggest economies will escalate.Financial markets turned volatile this week after President Donald Trump threatened to impose more tariffs on Chinese goods, a threat that is set to become reality early Friday. Negotiations between the U.S. and China are scheduled to continue in Washington on Thursday, and will include China’s top trade official.The S&P 500 index fell 0.2% to 2,879.42. The benchmark index had been up 0.5%. The Dow Jones Industrial Average inched up 0.1% to 25,967.33. The Nasdaq composite dropped 0.3% to 7,943.32 and the Russell 2000 index of small company stocks slid 0.5% to 1,574.97.“The pressure looks to continue amid the trade concerns found within the market with heightened volatility a new normal this week,” said Jingyi Pan, market strategist with IG in Singapore.The U.S. and China have raised tariffs on tens of billions of dollars of each other’s goods in their dispute over U.S. complaints about China’s technology ambitions and practices.Investors have been anticipating a deal throughout this year, which contributed to double-digit gains in all the major indexes. But the latest tough talk is raising anxiety on Wall Street and casting more doubt about a resolution.The U.S. government has filed plans to raise tariffs on $200 billion worth of Chinese imports from 10% to 25% Friday. China has said it will retailiate.The Trump administration also has threatened to extend 25% tariffs to another $325 billion in Chinese imports, covering everything China ships to the United States.China has said it will retaliate.Such moves would mark a sharp escalation in the yearlong trade dispute that has raised prices on goods for consumers and companies.The possibility that the trade dispute could escalate represents a marked shift from just a few weeks ago, when talks between the U.S. and China appeared to be on track for an agreement.ENERGY:Benchmark U.S. crude fell 38 cents to $61.74 a barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. It gained 72 cents to $62.12 per barrel on Wednesday. Brent crude, the international standard, lost 49 cents to $69.88.CURRENCIES:The dollar slipped to 109.90 yen from 110.09 yen. The euro rose to $1.1200 from $1.1193.___Follow Yuri Kageyama on Twitter https://twitter.com/yurikageyamaOn Instagram https://www.instagram.com/yurikageyama/?hl=enYuri Kageyama, The Associated Press
Finance Minister Joe Oliver names Jeremy Rudin new OSFI superintendent by The Canadian Press Posted Jun 13, 2014 2:49 pm MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email OTTAWA – The federal government has named Finance Department official Jeremy Rudin as the new policeman for financial institutions in Canada, replacing Julie Dickson whose seven-year term is expiring.The choice of Rudin, currently assistant deputy minister in the financial sector policy branch, was a bit of a surprise in that he has kept a low profile since joining the public service in 1993.One name that had been touted as a possible next head of the Office of Superintendent of Financial Institutions was Andrew Kriegler, currently deputy superintendent of the supervision section at the agency.But analysts said Rudin enjoyed a solid reputation at Finance and was regarded as a potential deputy minister.“Jeremy Rudin is a distinguished public servant. He has extensive direct experience in the oversight of financial institutions, financial system stability and financial markets,” Finance Minister Joe Oliver said in announcing the appointment Friday.“He played an important role in Canada’s response to the global financial crisis. These skills and knowledge will be an asset in this critical position.”Rudin will assume is new role on June 29.Royal Bank assistant chief economist Paul Ferley said Rudin has big shoes to fill since Dickson was highly regarded in the financial community for helping steer the country’s banks through the 2008-09 financial crisis, as well as beginning to implement the Basel committee reforms for financial institutions. She was also known to have had the ear of the late finance minister Jim Flaherty.“Certainly she managed OSFI extremely well during those trying times. OSFI was called on to do so much more (than in the past) and she was there to her part,” Ferley said.Under Dickson’s direction, OSFI not only ensured that Canadian banks met the new Basel III capital buffer requirements, but at times went beyond them, and did so prior to the international timetable.For that she got some heat that Canadian banks were being placed at a competitive disadvantage to international rivals, but she never made any apologies. Internationally, the Canadian banking system has been cited on several occasions as the soundest in the world.“Her mission was to de-risk the system and she did that,” said CIBC deputy chief economist Benjamin Tal.There’s more work to do, he added, noting that the co-called shadow banking system of non-regulated financial institutions has been growing and taking on some of the risk vacated by the banks.Overall, Tal said Rudin is taking charge of an OSFI that is a much bigger player on the financial scene than it was when Dickson took over in 2007.Aside from its role overseeing banks, insurance companies and other financial institutions, Flaherty had asked OSFI to also keep an eye on the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corp.According to a brief biography supplied by the government, Rudin graduated with a PhD in economics from Stanford University and taught at the University of British Columbia and Queen’s University before joining the finance department in 1993. He also worked at the Bank of Canada.
FILE – In this June 13, 2017, file photo, President Donald Trump listens as his daughter, Ivanka Trump, speaks at a workforce development roundtable at Waukesha County Technical College in Pewaukee, Wis. Frustrated with her father, liberal advocacy groups are turning some of their focus to first daughter Ivanka Trump. In recent weeks, some activists have tried to pressure Ivanka Trump, appealing for her help on climate change, international labor conditions and immigration. The first daughter, an influential adviser to President Donald Trump in her own right, has sought to stay out of the fray. But the efforts underscore the politically charged position she occupies. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik) Liberal groups focus on Ivanka Trump by Catherine Lucey, The Associated Press Posted Jun 19, 2017 1:40 am MDT Last Updated Jun 19, 2017 at 6:40 am MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email WASHINGTON – Getting nowhere with her father, liberal advocacy groups have been looking for an ally in Ivanka Trump. They haven’t had much luck.In recent weeks, activists have been appealing to the younger Trump for help on climate change, international labour conditions and immigration. But the first daughter, an influential adviser to President Donald Trump in her own right, largely has sought to stay out of the fray. Still the efforts underscore the politically charged position she occupies as she seeks to advance a positive agenda while avoiding weighing in publicly on her father’s more controversial policies.The most high-profile campaign directed at the president’s daughter has come from New York-based China Labor Watch, which has been investigating working conditions at factories in China that have made Ivanka Trump products. The group on Thursday renewed a call for her to speak out about the detention of activists involved in the investigation and on their findings about labour conditions. They said they have sent a second letter to her at the White House to raise concerns.Ivanka Trump’s brand has sought to distance itself from the manufacturer under scrutiny, saying the company last made its products three months ago.Trump, who spent the past week promoting the administration’s efforts on job training, did not respond to requests for comment.With her focus on issues that typically draw liberal or bipartisan support, Ivanka Trump has left many with an impression that she does not share some of her father’s policies. But she avoided weighing in publicly on her father’s travel ban, border wall, proposed budget cuts or the Paris agreement, leading liberal critics to question her influence.Now some groups are trying to spur her to act.Before the president announced he would exit the Paris climate accord, the Natural Resources Defence Council started an online petition asking people to email and call Ivanka Trump to push her father to stay in the deal. The call for action implored people to “raise a massive outcry” and ask her to “do everything in her power to persuade the president to keep our promise.”“As we began hearing he was leaning in the direction of pulling out, we threw a Hail Mary,” said Ben Smith, the group’s digital advocacy director, adding that they sought to “appeal to what seems to be a well-reported story that she’s sympathetic.”Smith said 50,000 people signed the petition, “which is on the higher end of the performance scale for us.”Last week, Amnesty International launched a campaign that seeks to educate Ivanka Trump on their efforts to shut down a residential centre in Pennsylvania that houses detained immigrant parents and children. The advocates say the facility, which has a contract with the Department of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, is a detention centre.“She says she cares about women and kids and child care. She says she wants to use this power she now has. We’re following up on that,” said Naureen Shah, senior director of campaigns for the U.S. section of Amnesty International.Shah added: “It’s not a shaming campaign. She says she wants to do it.”“Democrats do not have many lines into the White House, they don’t have a lot of different ways to influence the president,” said Democratic strategist Lis Smith. “His daughter remains one of the few ways they are able to get to him.”In interviews, Ivanka Trump has stressed that this is her father’s administration and has said she airs her views with her father privately. During a recent interview on “Fox and Friends,” she expressed surprise about the “level of viciousness” that the administration had encountered in Washington, a statement that some found curious given her father’s aggressive rhetoric.Saying her father’s administration wants to do “big things,” she added: “I was not expecting the intensity of this experience, but this isn’t supposed to be easy.”She moved her family to Washington before her father’s inauguration. She serves as an unpaid aide to the president and stepped away from executive roles running her brand and at the Trump Organization, though she retains ownership of the brand. She has been more visible lately, working on a plan for paid family leave that is included in the president’s budget, taking part in the president’s first foreign trip and appearing with her father to talk about job training.Republican consultant Alex Conant, who worked on Sen. Marco Rubio’s presidential bid, said the advocacy campaigns were unlikely to make a great impact on the first daughter. “As long as she has a thick skin, those campaigns will be unsuccessful and she’ll remain effective,” he said.
Freshman outside hitter Miles Johnson (13) hits the ball during a match against Grand Canyon Feb. 21 at St. John Arena. OSU won, 3-1.Credit: Jonathan McAllister / Lantern photographerA poor start doomed the Ohio State men’s volleyball team against Harvard.OSU lost its fourth consecutive match in a 3-2 decision against the Crimson Tuesday.The loss put the Buckeyes at 8-12 for the season.OSU was lacking in certain areas, which led to the nail-biting defeat, freshman setter Christy Blough said.“We need to start our matches stronger. We were not able to get a good start in this match. We were able to come back in the middle, but still lost it in the end,” he said.The Buckeyes lost the first two sets, but came back with a win in the next two sets. Coach Pete Hanson said the team barely missed its chance to win it in the end set.“We just couldn’t make the last couple of plays and Harvard did,” Hanson said.Redshirt-freshman outside hitter Alex Judkins said OSU played physically at the net and its blocking skills were in action tonight, which contributed to the comeback mid-match.Hanson said the Buckeyes still need to become more consistent.“We are such a young team. We ride a wave, we are up and down,” he said. “We just have to get our play at a steady pace.”The Buckeyes were missing one of their top players, redshirt-junior opposite Andrew Lutz. Hanson said getting the starting line-up back on the court could result in a turnaround for the Buckeyes.Three players contributed double digit kills for the Buckeye offense: redshirt-freshman middle blocker Driss Guessous had 18, freshman outside hitter Miles Johnson added 16, and junior outside hitter Michael Henchy contributed 14 kills.The Buckeyes still have a lot to work on as a team, but Hanson said time and experience should help.“Setting the tone earlier is something we need to do a better job of. We need certain guys to step up and take charge at the right time,” he said.OSU is next set to play Ball State Sunday in Muncie, Ind., at 4 p.m.
“You guys have always been so supportive.”Everything is love. Thank you.”She later wrote about the decision on her own website, stating the couple were “pleased to honor Meghan Markle, Duchess of Sussex” and referencing her charity work. “Meghan brought many Black traditions to her Royal Wedding including a Chicago-based Black pastor, an amazing gospel choir, and a young Black cellist,” she wrote.”At the wedding her culture was front and center, and she and Prince Harry have continued to push the race relations dialogue forward both near and far.”In a televised show, the couple turned slowly around to face a framed painting of the Duchess, wearing a tiara, necklaces and an off-the-shoulder dress in the manner of an historic portrait. The scene, which was immediately shared on social media, immediately caused fans to debate its meaning and was widely interpreted as being a sign of support for the Duchess as a representative of the British Royal Family. The Duchess herself was in New York at the time of the speech, enjoying a baby shower with friends.She has previously made an appearance at the British Fashion Awards, appearing on stage to present a prize to the designer of her wedding dress. Beyonce posted on her Instagram Popstar Beyonce and her rapper husband Jay Z have accepted a Brit Award in front of a portrait of the Duchess of Sussex, as fans debate the meaning of their message. The married couple, who won best international group at the 2019 Brit Awards under the name The Carters, appeared by video link in front of an image of the Duchess dressed as a queen.The portrait is by illustrator Tim O’Brien, who has also created a regal portrait of Beyonce herself. Elaborating on the image on Instagram, Beyonce said the picture was in honour of “Melanated Monas”, understood to be a reference to the Duchess’ biracial heritage and one of the world’s most famous paintings, the Mona Lisa. She wrote: ” In honor of Black History Month, we bow down to one of our Melanated Monas. Congrats on your pregnancy! We wish you so much joy. ” In an acceptance speech, Beyonce said: “Thank you so much to the Brit Awards for this incredible honour.
The R312 Keenagh crossroads. Short URL 14,395 Views Wednesday 1 Mar 2017, 3:25 PM Image: Google Maps Mar 1st 2017, 3:25 PM By Paul Hosford Share2 Tweet Email2 http://jrnl.ie/3265394 1 Comment Man in his 60s dead after two cars collide in Mayo The collision occurred around 10am this morning on the R312, Keenagh Crossroads, County Mayo. A MAN IN his 60s has died after a two-car collision in Mayo.The collision occurred around 10am this morning on the R312, Keenagh Crossroads, County Mayo.A man in his mid 60s, who was the sole occupant of the car was pronounced dead at the scene and has been removed to Mayo General Hospital. The occupants of the second car, a male and female in their early 30s have been brought to Mayo General with non life threatening injuries.The road has been closed for Garda Forensic Collision Investigators and diversions are in place.The man has been named as Matty Merrick, a local An Post employee.David Redmond, An Post’s CEO said he was saddened to hear of the sudden death of Mr. Merrick. He extended his deepest sympathy and that of An Post to Mr. Merrick’s family and his work colleagues.Witnesses are asked to contact Belmullet Garda Station on 097-81910, the Garda Confidential Line on 1800-666-111 or any Garda Station.Read: Ger Dundon charged with multiple counts of dangerous driving The R312 Keenagh crossroads. Image: Google Maps Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article
Peloton’s use of music in its streaming classes has resulted in a $150 million lawsuit from publishers. Tyler Lizenby/CNET A group of music publishers is suing Peloton for using unlicensed songs for its streaming exercise classes.The National Music Publishers’ Association is seeking $150 million in damages, alleging that the maker of smart exercise bikes used more than 1,000 songs without permission.Peloton’s videos, according to the suit, use unlicensed music from Rihanna, Bruno Mars, Lady Gaga, Katy Perry, Justin Timberlake, Shawn Mendes, Ed Sheeran, Wiz Khalifa, Thomas Rhett, Ariana Grande, Justin Bieber, Florida Georgia Line, Drake, Gwen Stefani and others.”It is frankly unimaginable that a company of this size and sophistication would think it could exploit music in this way without the proper licenses for this long, and we look forward to getting music creators what they deserve,” said David Israelite, NMPA’s president and CEO, in a release.The on-demand exercise classes cost Peloton owners $39 per month on top of the initial investment (the bike costs $2,245).”We just received the complaint yesterday, and we are evaluating it. Peloton has great respect for songwriters and artists,” a Peloton spokesperson said in an emailed statement.”In fact, we have partnered with each of the major music publishers, record labels and performing rights organizations, and many leading independents. We have also invested heavily to build a best-in-breed reporting and licensing system to support our partners and provide our members with a world-class fitness experience.”First published at 3:57 a.m. PT.Updated at 7:43 a.m. PT: Adds Peloton statement. 0 Peloton Bike makes spinning at home much smoother Tags Share your voice Fitness Tech Industry Music Post a comment 1:55 Now playing: Watch this:
A superior court judge has blocked a law restricting Medicaid payments for abortion from going into effect.Download AudioIn an injunction issued on Tuesday, Judge John Suddock wrote that there are “serious questions of constitutional validity” of a new state law that puts limits on what qualifies as a “medically necessary” abortion. The state was supposed to start enforcing the law on Wednesday.The law passed after similar regulations were put on hold by the same judge. The legislation was advanced by mostly Republicans, and went farther than the Department of Health and Social Services regulations by defining the term “medically necessary” to include only physical conditions.Both the law and the regulations are the subject of a lawsuit brought by Planned Parenthood of the Great Northwest.
Close OnePlus 6T Thunder Purple Review: Fashionable and classy IBTimes VideoRelated VideosMore videos Play VideoPauseMute0:01/0:59Loaded: 0%0:01Progress: 0%Stream TypeLIVE-0:58?Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedSubtitlessubtitles settings, opens subtitles settings dialogsubtitles off, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window. COPY LINKAD Loading … As the mobile industry has evolved over the years, we’ve seen a lot of changes take place and people adapting to them with or without nagging. If you ask any gadget enthusiast about the dearest feature they had to let go in the name of evolution, there will surely be a lot of votes favouring a 3.5mm headphone jack. It looks like one brand is hearing those hurting souls.OnePlus, which boasts of being a consumer-centric brand, might bring back the 3.5mm headphone jack after being one of the last flagship makers to ditch it in OnePlus 6T. OnePlus 6 was the last Android flagship from OnePlus to have a headphone jack and the upcoming flagship could retain the beloved feature.Rumours are rife about OnePlus 7, which is expected to launch within a month or two. It is widely believed that the Chinese smartphone maker will launch not one but three variants of its flagship this year. OnePlus 7, being one of them, will be the entry-level variant whereas OnePlus 7 Pro and OnePlus 7 Pro 5G will be the premium choices for consumers. OnePlus 7 Pro hands-on images leakWeiboThere have been a lot of reports outlining the possible features of the upcoming OnePlus 7 trio. But a fresh report out of China from CNMO is suggesting OnePlus could retain the 3.5mm headphone jack and place it between the speaker grille and USB Type-C port. The speculation is based on the photos of a leaked phone cover, which is said to be for the OnePlus 7.It seems plausible to believe the rumour as OnePlus has two other variants where it could offer top-of-the-line features and support Type-C earphones. The cutout for the camera on the leaked phone case suggests a triple camera setup and there’s another opening at the top, which is for the pop-up selfie camera. OnePlus 7 case leakedCNMOIt’s not clear what other changes will differentiate the OnePlus 7 from its Pro siblings, but an educated guess is that there will be a flat display compared to a curved one on the OnePlus 7 Pro. A recent leak showed OnePlus 7 Pro with a 6.67-inch curved OLED display panel, triple rear camera setup with 48MP, 16MP and 8MP sensors, Snapdragon 855 chipset with 8GB RAM and 256GB storage.By launching three variants, OnePlus will be able to better position its phones in the premium segment without drawing further criticism over its increasing prices. OnePlus 7 could be a more affordable flagship, while the OnePlus 7 Pro will likely target those who can spend the extra cash for an even premium experience.With an expected launch date in May, OnePlus fans won’t have to wait for long to know more about their new favourite flagship. Stay tuned for updates.
For leading artist Paresh Maity, a globalised painter with an eye for diversity of Indian life, ‘identity is very important for any form of art to flourish’.‘I can be removed from my own heritage, but I cannot lose touch with it. Proper globalisation of Indian art is possible only when heritage meets modernity. If there is no root, you are baseless,’ said Maity.The waterscapes of riverine Bengal, the golden light of the Thar and the cosmopolitan colours of the bustling Capital have all come together on the canvas of Maity, who will be honoured with the Dayawati Modi Award for Art, Culture and Education 2012 in the Capital Monday. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The artist says his journey from Midnapore to Kolkata and then to Delhi, Rajasthan and around the world in the last two decades has changed his colour palette, formats of creative expression and returned him closer to his roots in a strange way.Maity is known for his cutting-edge mechanical Western-style installations, bronze sculptures and giant paintings.‘It is always better to know your roots and build your artistic dimensions around it,’ the artist said. ‘You can have a different language, but the content of your art must be from your culture,’ he said. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe 47-year-old artist is making a 12-foot installation of the seven cities of Delhi for the India Art Summit 2013.‘The installation is six feet in diameter. It portrays how the metropolis of Delhi have evolved over the centuries; how the ancient Tughlaqabad was like and it is now. I am using day-to-day material and lot of colours,’ Maity said.The next year will see Maity reconnect to his core oeuvre of water colour once again at the World Art Fair at the Marina Bay Sands in Singapore. ‘The water colours will be large — some almost 7 X 10 sq ft in size. They will be impressions of the places I have visited in the last 20 years. It is difficult to tackle water colour on large surfaces,’ Maity said.An installation of small boats will lend solidity to the minimal landscapes in water colour, he said. Maity, who began as a landscape painter in Bengal, took to the world the muted colours of the river banks with their silent meditative quality of life. There were no figures in his early landscapes — boats, jetties and laden skies lived in perfect harmony with his dark indigo, green, ochre and cobalt spaces.‘When I migrated to Delhi in 1990, I put the city on to my canvas. My art changed after I went to Rajasthan for the first time, figures started appearing in my paintings. The landscape became more colourful with a riot of yellow, gold, orange, red and green. Rajasthan is bathed in a golden light in winter,’ Maity said.In Delhi, Maity’s passion for big surfaces has grown over the years. ‘Initially, I did not have papers, I joined the papers and made bigger watercolours,’ he said.The artist returned to sculpting six years ago. One of his new age installations that made news around the world was an abstract concept, Procession of 50 Ants, made of 100 motorbike spares. It was exhibited at the Art Stage in Singapore in 2011.‘I broke down the machines (bikes) and reassembled them to resemble large ants, nearly five feet in length.’ Why ants? ‘They are very disciplined, very sensitive and intuitive. They live in small colonies and can sniff disasters,’ Maity said. [IANS]
Kolkata: Several students from Krishnachandrapur High School at Mathurapur in South 24-Parganas participated in a massive ‘Safe Drive, Save Life’ campaign organised by the Sunderban police district and the local administration to make people aware about the necessity of following norms while driving vehicles.It may be mentioned that the “Safe Drive, Save Life” campaign, a brain child of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, has immensely contributed towards building awareness and significantly reduced the number of road accidents in the state. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedDistrict administrations and police have been carrying out rigorous campaigns ever since it was launched by Banerjee. On the occasion of Republic Day, the school students joined hands with the police and the Krishnachandrapur Gram Panchayat to organise a programme on Raidighi-Diamond Harbour Road at Krisnachandarpur. Helmetless bikers plying through the area were given new helmets and also a garland. The school students also took out a rally with placards and festoons highlighting the importance of road safety and the implementation of “Safe Drive, Save Life” campaigns. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseThe students urged the bikers and drivers to follow traffic norms while driving their vehicles. All the helmet-less bikers who were provided with helmets made a pledge that they would no longer ride their bikes bare headed. Debasish Banerjee, Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP), Mandirbazar, Santanu Bapuli, Karmadhakshya of South 24-Parganas, Soumitra Mondal, CI Mandirbazar, Chandan Kumar Maity, headmaster of Krishnachandrapur High School, and Bapi Haldar, a local panchayat member, were also present. It may be mentioned that Kolkata Police is also conducting various programmes from time to time to make the campaign effective. Various orientation workshops are being held for the commuters and drivers. The city police also prepared a video to create awareness on road safety. The video is shown to the drivers at the orientation workshops.
The 19th century was an era of tremendous moral panic about the consumption and effects of alcohol. The temperance movement, which campaigned for total abstinence from the “demon drink,” became widespread in North America and Britain the 1820s, but as early as the 1750s the morally superior had fretted and tutted about the drunkenness of the urban poor in places like London. However, even those fond of a good drink had good reason to fear for the health and sanity of the hard-drinking man or woman in the street. Sometimes their gin, brandy, rum or beer was laced with Cocculus indicus, the berry of a South East Asian climbing plant, along with other commercially available poisons.A busy gin palace bar with customers buying drinks. Coloured etching by G. Cruikshank, c. 1842. Photo by Wellcome Images CC BY 4.0Cocculus indicus is a source of picrotoxin, a plant compound with potentially deadly side effects, described by the Victorian toxicologist Alfred Swaine Taylor in 1843 as “nausea, vomiting, and griping pains, followed by stupor and intoxication.”It was traditionally used in Asia to stun fish for hunting, and soon proved popular with British publicans (pub owners) who used Cocculus indicus berries to introduce “giddiness” and disguise the fact that the beer was watered down to increase the their profits.Two peasants sit at a table as a third man vomits on the floor. Etching by D. Deuchar, c. 1784. Photo by Wellcome Images CC BY 4.0For good measure they often added salt to make the patrons even thirstier.Taylor wrote: “The fraud is perpetrated by a low class of publicans. They reduce the strength of the beer by water and salt, and then give it an intoxicating property by means of this poisonous extract.”Similarly, rum was diluted by adding water, before sugar and molasses were added to restore the flavor and the deep brown color. Oak, sawdust and tincture of raisin stones could be added for that musky, aged flavor. Finally cayenne pepper and Cocculus indicus was mixed into the watered-down spirit to give it the necessary intoxicating kick.Photo by Wellcome Images CC BY 4.0In the case of gin, it wasn’t enough to merely replicate the taste. Salt, small doses of sulphuric acid, and grain of almonds were added to create “beading” — the bubbles that form on the side of the glass when the gin is poured.Related Video: The Drinking Habits of 8 Famous WritersSurprisingly there was only one confirmed fatality. A group of sailors on the lash in the English port of Liverpool in 1829 were taken sick after a night drinking rum laced with serious quantities of Cocculus indicus. One died, but the rest eventually recovered.Women eject a drunk and publican from a bar in a crusade against drunkenness. Wood-engraving by A. Joliet, c. 1875, after Castelli. Photo by Wellcome Images CC BY 4.0The demand for Cocculus indicus was so great among pub landlords (and it was imported to Great Britain for no other purpose) that its market value increased in ten years from two shillings per pound to seven shillings.Acts of Parliament tried to cut the trade off at the source and prohibited druggists from selling these nefarious narcotics to brewers or sellers of alcohol if they suspected it was being used to spike the drinks, at pain of a £500 fine.A drunken scene in a beer shop with a young thief gambling. Coloured etching by G. Cruikshank, 1848, after himself. Photo by Wellcome Images CC BY 4.0The brewers and publicans themselves could be fined £200. Other ingredients used in these criminal concoctions included opium (a highly narcotic depressant with a risk of long term damage to the user’s health), foxglove (which can affect the heart rate causing dizziness, blurred vision, nausea and death), tobacco, quassia (which also causes nausea), and the ominously named nux-vomica, or “poison nut.”Another toxic treat from Southeast Asia, Strychnos nux-vomica is carefully used in various modern medicines and is the main commercial source of the strychnine used in rat poison.Seeds of S. nux-vomica. Photo by H. Zell CC BY-SA 3.0Strychnine can cause muscle contractions, convulsions and death if ingested in large quantities. Even small quantities can be fatal if used continually as they build up in the body – if, for example, you were hitting up the same poisoned batch of beer over a period of many weeks.In 1837 British medical journal The Lancet recalled a case from Germany in which “the unfortunate man […] had given to him a beer, in which nux vomica was thrown; he went home, and in 15 minutes was dead, after violent convulsions.”Legal documents from the time describe unscrupulous brewers keeping their ingredients at home to evade raids, and smuggling them onto the premises in a specially-made coat with lots of large pockets that contained enough Cocculus indicus to taint the entire supply.Drunkard Lifting a Beer.In 1864 the Inland Revenue Department reported that of 26 samples of beer taken from licensed brewers, 20 were found to contain substances designed to mask the adulterated alcohol content: 14 contained grains of paradise (a spice closely related to cardamom) with one also containing tobacco, two contained Cocculus indicus, two contained capsicum (pepper), and two contained iron sulphate (salt).The same newspaper report explains: “There can be little doubt that the practice of adulterating beer with poisonous matters, such as tobacco and cocolum indicus is more prevalent than might be inferred from the small number of detections made as the fraud is difficult to discover unless the offender be caught in the act of committing it.”Woman brewing beer.Despite vigorous moral outrage in Parliament and the popular press, and the passage of the Food and Drugs Act of 1875, the practice of adulterating beer with poisons continued throughout the 19th century.Rather than decline with time, the cynical practice got a new lease of life wherever brewers and bootleggers could be found operating outside the law.Haymarket SquareThis wasn’t confined to the sprawling slums of the industrial revolution’s growing cities, either. By the time of the Australian gold rush in the 1850s, there were thousands of rough and ready gold-hunters looking to unwind at the end of a hard day.With fresh water from creeks often proven to be a breeding ground for diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera and typhoid, the miners had good reason to stick with drinking alcoholic beverages.Concerned with drunken lawlessness from gatherings of huge numbers of young men with no fixed abode, the government banned the sale of alcohol on the Australian goldfields – it was a mistake. Instead they had handed over the market to home-brewed moonshine referred to as “sly grog.”Read another story from us: The Greatest Beer Run in History Happened During the Vietnam WarWatering it down and making up the difference with Cocculus indicus, tobacco or opium was almost inevitable.