Congratulations, entrepreneur! You found a client who would love to pay you for your services.:High-Five!: So now what? You think you have an idea of what they want, but as it happens they have what we like to call in the biz: TERRIBLE TASTE IN EVERYTHING EVER. Well suck it up cowboy, you were hired to do a job, and you are going to do it.Take solace in knowing that you are not alone, there are several stages of clients-with-bad-taste grief, and you will get through this.**Stage 1: You’re Hired! **Stage 2: The Realization that your client is a Connoisseur of Awful**Stage 3: Rage ****Stage 4: Aggressive Smiling ****Stage 5: Resolve ****Stage 6: Bang it out ****Stage 7: Being DONE WITH IT ****Stage 8: Smug Resolve ****Stage 9: Acceptance **Stage 10: No fing way that’s going into my portfolio***Join Freelancers Union today and gain access to more great content like this. **
Freelancers often operate on a tight budget – and that means wrestling with money decisions. Sure, you should invest in your business’ success; but what’s a good investment, and what can you live without? These are the 4 things I’ve never regretted putting money into – and I think the same is true for most freelancers!SkillsI am a big – nay, a huge – believer in investing money in building skills.Numerous studies have shown that experiences – not material goods – are what we gain the most satisfaction from after a purchase. Putting your money into skill-building is, at its core, investing in yourself… and that’s invaluable.Continuing education not only keeps you professionally competitive; it also opens your mind and keeps your thinking flexible.Invest in a great class. Purchase sessions with a reputable coach. Heck, explore a interesting skill altogether tangential to your freelancing career; it’ll make you a more intriguing, well-rounded person, and that’s the kind of person clients want on their team.Tools that help you rise to the next levelI could, technically speaking, do all of my freelance writing on generic software – and the quality of the writing would be about the same.I invest, however, in slightly more expensive name-brand software because it’s the industry standard – it makes working with clients much easier, and (most importantly) it brands me as a professional.It might be superficial, but image is everything: You’d never see a pro athlete out of top-of-line sportswear, so treat your own business to the same level of professionality.Join the Union (it’s free!)Become a memberTools that make your life easierFrom an internal perspective, if there’s a tool out there that makes your life significantly easier, then by all means get it.If a tool will help you eliminate time-wasters or do tasks more accurately, or if it will help you work markedly faster, better, and more efficiently… it’s probably worth the money.From the dawn of recorded time, humans have been using tools to make their working lives a bit easier. If a new laptop is going to be unspeakably better than your current unreliable machine, it’s worth sucking up the cost.GOOD marketing materialsAgain, this may seem not seem fair. The freelancer with the generic, white-paper flier may be every bit as good as that guy with the great website, but Joe Generic is less likely to get the gig.It’s worth investing in good marketing – both online and offline – in order to make a great first impression.Aim for memorable, clean, readable marketing materials; make sure to check twice for accuracy. Strongly consider investing in expert help, like a graphic designer or website developer.You don’t need to pour your money into these areas all at once; take it slowly, step-by-step, building your business as you go.Invest judiciously in your freelancing, and it will invest in you – landing you better clients, more consistent work, and an easier, more self-sustaining lifestyle.Kate Hamill lives and works in New York City, where she consumes an inordinate amount of Sriracha daily. You can catch up with her on Twitter at @katerone.
Michy Batshuayi Chelsea team news: Batshuayi & Hazard start against Crystal Palace Stephen Darwin Last updated 2 years ago 21:08 10/14/17 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) Getty Images Michy Batshuayi Eden Hazard Crystal Palace v Chelsea Crystal Palace Chelsea Premier League The Belgian striker is a direct replacement for the injured Alvaro Morata, with David Luiz also back in the starting XI having served a suspension Michy Batshuayi has been given the nod to start against Crystal Palace as Antonio Conte attempts to cope without injured striker Alvaro Morata.Eden Hazard is also in to make his second start of the Premier League campaign, with Willian getting the nod ahead of Pedro, who is left on the bench.Brazil international David Luiz is also back in the starting XI having now completed his suspension for the red card he received against Arsenal. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Why Barcelona god Messi will never be worshipped in the same way in Argentina Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. Chelsea team: Courtois; Azpilicueta, David Luiz, Cahill (c); Moses, Fabregas, Bakayoko, Alonso; Willian, Batshuayi, Hazard. #CRYCHE pic.twitter.com/mkJlVrLaAR — Chelsea FC (@ChelseaFC) October 14, 2017 For Crystal Palace, meanwhile, Wilfried Zaha makes his second appearance of the 2017-18 campaign having returned from a knee injury.Chelsea starting XI: Courtois, Azpilicueta, David Luiz, Cahill, Moses, Fabregas, Bakayoko, Alonso; Willian, Batshuayi, Hazard.Subs: Caballero, Christensen, Rudiger, Zappacosta, Scott, Musonda, Pedro.Crystal Palace starting XI: Speroni, Ward, Dann, Sakho, Schlupp, van Aanholt, Milivojevic, Cabaye, McArthur, Townsend, Zaha.Subs: Henry, Tomkins, Fosu-Mensah, Riedewald, Puncheon, Sako, Kaikai.
zoom Following the completion of inaugural sea trials in May, The Seacat Ranger will embark on a string of European offshore wind farm charter contracts that will keep her under continuous, active charter until May 2015.The Seacat Ranger is the latest 24-metre catamaran to join Seacat Services, an offshore energy support vessel operator that now operates seven DNV GL class certified workboats throughout Europe, all conforming to the highest operational and safety standards.After the official naming ceremony, scheduled to take place on Wednesday, June 11, 2014 at Seawork 2014, The Seacat Ranger will head directly to the Westermost Rough Offshore Wind Farm.Located on the east coast of the UK, the project is being developed by DONG Energy, where the installation of the offshore electricity substation has recently been completed.Seacat Ranger will initially complete a cable termination charter on behalf of cable manufacturer Nexans Deutschland GmbH. Directly following the completion of this short-term charter, Seacat Ranger will join another 24-metre Seacat Services vessel in order to fulfill a longer commitment for a major European manufacturer. June 10, 2014
The changes being introduced into the health-care system are toensure quality care and to keep people healthy. That means havingthe right mix of health-care professionals across the province;access to the right services in a timely manner, as close to homeas possible; and ensuring standards, policies and guidelines arein place and being used consistently. To assist with planning, the province has committed a seven percent funding increase for district health authorities for thenext three years. “We need that same guarantee of predictable funding from thefederal government, not only to expand what we offer, but moreimportantly, to sustain what we have now,” said Mr. MacIsaac.”This is critical as we will continue to face challenges in thehealth-care system.” Nova Scotia’s health budget is $2.2 billion. Every hour, $250,000is spent on health care in Nova Scotia. The $60 million in one-time additional funding announced by the federal government, forexample, would cover only 240 hours or 10 days of health care inNova Scotia. The report, released today, March 19, will be distributed to NovaScotians through daily newspapers on March 27. It is available onthe department’s website at www.gov.ns.ca/health . Nova Scotians who need health-care services have access to moredoctors and more nurses, new community-based health programs andare experiencing shorter wait times. The findings are captured inthe health ministers’ first annual report to Nova Scotians on theprovince’s health-care system. The report, titled the Ministers’ Report to Nova Scotians:Confident Change for Quality Care, is a follow-up to the 2003Your Health Matters plan. Your Health Matters focuses on healthpromotion, shorter wait lists, seniors’ care and health servicesin communities. Progress in these key areas is highlighted in theministers’ report. “When we released Your Health Matters, we committed to updatingNova Scotians on improvements and challenges in the health-caresystem,” said Mr. MacIsaac. “I’m very proud of the progress we’vemade over the past year amidst various challenges. This reportwill provide Nova Scotians with the opportunity to see what we’redoing to improve the health-care system today and how today’ssuccesses fit into our vision for the future.” The report to Nova Scotians highlights the progress made in thelast year. Some of the highlights include: more doctors andnurses are now working in Nova Scotia — last year at least 46new physicians were recruited through the health department’srecruitment office; there are 156 more registered nurses at thebeginning of the 2004 licensing year than the previous year; anadditional 91 long-term care beds were added in the province inthe past year. There have also been improvements in wait times. The $5 millioninvested by the province in a new cardiac catheterization (cath)lab and additional surgery capacity at the QEII Health SciencesCentre has ensured cardiac care wait times are well withinnational standards. A 10-point plan was announced in January 2004to address wait times at the QEII emergency department, andadditional resources were announced for orthopedic surgery inHalifax and New Glasgow. The Department of Health has alsocommitted to acting on the recommendations of the Wait TimeMonitoring Project Steering Committee to implement standardized,provincewide wait time information over the next five years. The last year has also seen more community mental healthresources. In 2003, a new intensive community-based mental healthtreatment team for children and youth was established in CapeBreton; in 2004, a new treatment centre for youth with severe andpersistent mental health or behavioural problems was opened inHalifax. “We know that changing our overall health status will take years – a full generation perhaps,” Health Promotion Minister RodneyMacDonald said. “People need to choose healthier lifestyles, while government needs to ensure that health is considered in alldecisions. And we are. There are many challenges that affect usall, but there is a real desire to work together to achieve ahealthier province.”
New Delhi: Textile firm Welspun India Friday reported a consolidated loss of Rs 78.43 crore for the quarter ended March 31, due to exceptional expense of Rs 224.01 crore related to settlement of litigation in the US with regards to labelling and marketing of Egyptian cotton products. The company had posted a net profit of Rs 89.86 crore for the corresponding period of the previous financial year. Welspun India said the company and its subsidiaries, which have been facing litigation in the US surrounding its premium cotton home textile products, have entered into a settlement agreement in the US. Also Read – SC declines Oil Min request to stay sharing of documents “To avoid the burden, cost, and uncertainty of continued litigation in the United States surrounding the provenance of its premium cotton home textile products, the company and its subsidiaries have entered into a settlement agreement subsequent to year-end. “The settlement agreement provides monetary payments to settlement class members not to exceed an aggregate USD 36 million (about Rs 250 crore),” Welspun India said in a regulatory filing. Also Read – World suffering ‘synchronized slowdown’, says new IMF chief The company reported an exceptional item aggregating to Rs 224.01 crore for the quarter ended March 31, and it represented a provision for the settlement costs. “The settlement agreement is subject to approval by the appropriate courts in the United States and regulators, and is intended to resolve legal claims in the US concerning the past marketing and labelling of the company’s premium cotton home textile products,” the company added. In 2016, US retail giant Target Corporation had terminated contract with the Gujarat-based textiles maker over alleged lapses in its products supply. Target Corporation after an extensive investigation confirmed that Welspun substituted another type of on-Egyptian cotton when producing bed sheets and pillows between August 2014 and July 2016. Welspun India had, later, appointed consultancy firm Ernst & Young to look into the alleged lapses. Welspun India said it continues to deny the merits of these claims and does not admit to any liability in the settlement agreement. “Nonetheless, Welspun believes this settlement agreement, which is subject to approval by the appropriate courts in the United States and regulators, is in the best interest of all stakeholders,” it added. Welspun India’s total income during the quarter stood at Rs 1,600.94 crore, up 4.30 per cent as against Rs 1,534.92 crore in the year-ago period. The board of directors of the company has recommended a dividend at the rate of Rs 0.30 per share on equity share. Welspun India is part of the USD 2.3-billion Welspun Group. Shares of Welspun India Friday were trading 4.73 per cent higher at Rs 57.55 apiece on the BSE.
Amber BernardAPTN NewsJust outside of Clinton, British Columbia, about 120 km northwest of Kamloops, you’ll find the High Bar First Nation.But if you go there, don’t expect to run into anyone you know.That’s because – no one lives in High Bar.“We haven’t been able to live or occupy the land for over 125 years,” says Angie Kane, the band’s manager.Kane and other members of the High Bar First Nation hope that because of the Trans Mountain pipeline, the government will see fit to allow them to build on the land – and correct a historical firstname.lastname@example.org@aptnnews
A representative for the company whose pipeline spilled hundreds of thousands of litres of oil into an Alberta river suggests there were two strokes of luck that kept the problem from being worse.Stephen Bart, the vice-president of crude oil operations for Canada, says the first piece of good luck was that the pipeline wasn’t flowing at the time.Bart says the second was that the Red Deer River was swollen with recent rain, which washed the oil to the Gleniffer Reservoir where it can be more easily contained by booms, leaving only localized pockets of oil on the river.“While there is shoreline along the river that has been impacted, it has been confined largely to a number of these localized areas, that when we get cordoned off, we can address more fully,” Bart told reporters at a news conference on Sunday.Plains Midstream Canada estimates between 1,000 and 3,000 barrels of oil spilled Thursday. There’s no word yet on what caused the leak, but Bart told the news conference that the affected section of pipeline ran underneath the river.[np-related]Andrew Barr/National Post Hodson says the cleanup along the river has to be done carefully so as not to disrupt nests and other animal habitat. Again, he says because the water flow on the river was high and the oil is further up on the bank, the oil will have to be wiped or scraped off of grasslands or marsh.“You often need big machines and that means you have fairly heavy equipment running over the riverbank,” Hodson explains.“It’s one of those things where the cure can be worse than the disease so it has to be done with a great deal of care.”This is the second recent serious spill for Plains Midstream. In April of last year a company pipeline in northwestern Alberta ruptured, leaking more than 4.5 million litres of oil. Just last week the company issued a release, showing clean up efforts near the spill are almost complete.Alberta Premier Alison Redford assured Albertans over the weekend that the co-ordination to deal with the spill has been moving quickly, and she noted that spills are rare.Redford has said this latest oil spill has raised questions about how oil pipelines are monitored and regulated. She has promised a full investigation and said if there are safety shortfalls the government will make changes. Bart says there are people on foot who are looking for wildlife that may have been affected by the spill, but so far he says there have been few confirmed reports of injured animals so far.He says some of the people on foot patrols have noise devices which can be used to scare birds away from landing on oil-affected areas.Peter Hodson, a biology professor at Queen’s University and an expert on the effects of oil spills on fish and wildlife, says it’s promising that few struggling or injured animals have been spotted. He says it’s also good news for fish if the oil managed to get to the lake quickly before being churned up in the river.But Hodson says the fact the water level in the river was high means grass and other land that’s further up on the riverbank is more likely to have been coated with oil.“That means some animals, particularly the ducks that are nesting on the banks, and some of the animals like muskrat and beaver that use the banks quite a bit, may be that much more exposed to oil,” Hodson says.Gleniffer Lake provides the water supply for the City of Red Deer and is a popular recreation area for fishing and boating. The company has been providing bottled water to people who draw their drinking water directly from the river and the reservoir. The City of Red Deer indicated on its website that it didn’t expect the spill to cause any problems.Alberta Environment officials have been telling people to stay away from the water.Bart says the booms have contained the oil to the western tip of the reservoir. “Our goal, obviously, is to preserve the water quality and drinking water quality and minimize the impact to wildlife, and get the spill cleaned up and the water and land restored as quickly as possible,” he said.Jeff McIntosh/The Canadian Press
Dewatering solutions for open pits and slimes dams generally comprise a choice between undertaking civil construction for pump stations and selecting a mobile pontoon or skid mounted pumping solution. Experience indicates that the land based pump station does not always have the same flexibility that pontoon or skid mounted pump sets would offer. Howard Jones, Weir Minerals Africa’s Product Manager – Dewatering Africa and Middle East says that this is apparent in the fact that pontoons are installed at the source, making pumping more efficient as the pumps face consistent suction conditions. In addition, pontoon or skid mounted pumping solutions can be readily migrated to wherever they are required. This eliminates the costly and time consuming alternative of developing a new pump station for each location.“It is important to select the most appropriate solution based on accurate information gathered during an on-site inspection. Factors such as topography, volume of water, quality of water, the total distance to be pumped, the difference in elevation from the start of pumping to the discharge point, the preferred piping material, the availability of electricity, and the specific mining methodology are critical to the resolution of the dewatering issues,” Jones points out.Weir Minerals Africa is one of three Weir Minerals global design centres that focus on pontoon and structural design specifically, with modifications implemented for local conditions. The selection of the pumping unit could include any of the well-established Weir Minerals brands such as Warman® and Multiflo® and could vary from pure dewatering or dirty water pumps to submersible dirty water pumps, as well as heavy duty slurry submersible and other end suction products.Multiflo® pontoons are constructed with integral access walkways which could either be fixed to the bank or floating. The walkway holds the cable and piping from the docking station to the shore and provides ready access to the pumps for inspection or regular maintenance. Light masts, as well as LED strip lighting, form part of the offering and are supplied according to client’s requirements. The pipes comprise Linatex® rubber hoses which are also locally manufactured by Weir Minerals Africa and offer the customer extended wear life because of the specialised rubber compounds used in their manufacture.Weir Minerals uses a variety of construction materials including complete steel pontoon barges to linear low density polyethylene flotation devices with steel frames for lighter applications, where mobility from one pond to another is required. These designs can handle most Weir Minerals pump offerings, with a load bearing capacity from 500 kg to 10 t, including the structure. The steel hulled heavy duty pontoons can easily have a total mass of 30 t. All designs comply with the South African Marine Safety Association’s requirements pertaining to HSE regulations. The majority of the pumps are manufactured locally at Weir Minerals Africa’s facilities, allowing for ready accessibility to spare parts and components through the company’s extensive sales and service centre network. Supervision of the installation and commissioning of the pumping solution is undertaken by Weir Minerals Africa to ensure that the exact specifications are met.
52 Comments By AFP Image: Hindustan Times SIPA USA/PA Images Apr 29th 2017, 10:00 AM 31,996 Views File Photo: dried and cracked dam in India http://jrnl.ie/3363334 Share Tweet Email2 Saturday 29 Apr 2017, 10:00 AM File Photo: dried and cracked dam in India Image: Hindustan Times SIPA USA/PA Images AN INDIAN POLITICIAN who attempted to cover a dam in sheets of polystyrene has been left red-faced after his bizarre water-saving scheme backfired.Tamil Nadu state minister Sellur K Raju waded into the dam with dozens of sheets of polystyrene, convinced they could help reduce water evaporation in the drought-stricken state.But the noble yet puzzling effort went belly-up almost immediately as strong winds lifted the lightweight sheets into the air, tossing them across the surface of the water.Footage of last Friday’s incident showed officials in rowing boats pursuing the airborne sheets, while others used rocks to try to keep them in place.Elsewhere broken chunks of the white polymer plastic, stuck together with coloured tape, were seen washed up on the dam banks.The minister defended the hare-brained scheme — which reportedly cost one million rupees (€14,217) — saying he had been told “thermocol technology” could reduce water evaporation.“I learnt about this (technology) from a source,” he told reporters, without elaborating.Images of the minister flailing waist-deep in water with the unwieldy sheets attracted widespread scorn on social media, where Indians blasted the botched experiment as a waste of public money.“Instead of using thermocol sheets to cover the entire dam, how about using a huge tarpaulin sheet to cover the sun. Problem solved,” one Twitter user wrote sarcastically.“Tamil Nadu’s next project, putting sunglasses to the sun!” said another.The dam on the Vaigai river is a key water source for many in the southern state, where irregular rainfall has caused a prolonged drought in many parts.Farmers desperate for relief have been resorting to extreme acts of protest to draw attention to the crisis, including wearing necklaces of human skulls, carrying live rats in their mouths and running about naked in front of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s office.They postponed their protest last Sunday after being assured their case would be heard, but plan to return to the capital next month if their demands are not met.- © AFP 2017Read: Two-hour commutes in ten minutes? 6 technologies that could change the way we travelRead: ‘We seek truth and justice’: Friends of Danielle McLaughlin make appeal for information Short URL Indian minister’s wacky plan to conserve water backfires spectacularly “I learnt about this (technology) from a source,” he told reporters. Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article
Adoption : l’entente entre les parents compte bien plus que leur orientation sexuellePour les enfants adoptés, la répartition des tâches entre les parents n’a pas d’influence sur leur comportement tant que cela n’est pas source de conflit chez les adultes. Il apparait que les bambins de couples homosexuels ne sont pas affectés si une tâche est effectuée seulement par un homme ou par une femme. L’harmonie prime sur l’orientation. Publiée dans l’édition de juillet-aout de la revue Child Developement, une étude de l’université du Massachusetts montre que lors d’adoptions l’entente entre les parents a plus d’importance que leur orientation sexuelle. En effet, la manière dont les parents répartissent entre eux les soins pour l’enfant n’a pas d’effets négatifs sur lui. Les conflits et la compétition dus à un manque d’harmonie augmentent par contre les risques de comportements agressifs chez l’enfant. 104 familles volontaires ont participé à cette étude. Repérées par le biais de cinq agences d’adoption américaines, elles se répartissent entre 25 foyers lesbiens, 29 familles gays et 50 couples hétérosexuels. Leurs enfants ont intégré ces familles dès leur naissance ou un maximum d’une semaine après leur venue au monde.Peu importe que ce soit un homme ou une femmeDes tests ont été menés dans la troisième année des bambins et les parents ont été interrogés sur la division des tâches liées à l’enfant. Des cessions de jeux entre les parents et l’enfant ont été filmées et analysées par les chercheurs.”Alors que la division réelle des taches et des soins à l’enfant comme le nourrir, l’habiller et prendre le temps de jouer avec lui n’a pas d’effets sur le développement de l’enfant, explique Rachel Farr qui a mené l’étude, ce sont les parents qui sont les plus satisfaits de leur organisation commune qui ont les enfants avec le moins de problèmes de comportement, tels qu’une attitude mauvaise ou agressive.””Il semble que si les enfants ne sont pas affectés par la manière dont leurs parents répartissent les tâches, l’harmonie qui règne entre les parents compte assurément, poursuit la post-doc en psychologie. Il est clair que d’autres aspects, tels que la façon dont un parent soutien l’autre et leur satisfaction, ont un effet sur le comportement de l’enfant.” En bref, il importe peu qu’une tâche soit attribuée à un parent, homme ou femme, plutôt qu’à un autre si cela ne créé pas de tension. Le 14 juillet 2013 à 13:02 • Maxime Lambert
Pourquoi dort-on ? Des chercheurs identifient l’interrupteur du sommeilGrâce à une étude sur des drosophiles, des chercheurs ont découvert le groupe de neurones responsable du déclenchement du sommeil. Ces cellules nerveuses peu nombreuses sont les mêmes qui sont visées lors d’anesthésie générale.La science a débusqué le marchand de sable, celui-la même qui nous incite à aller dormir lorsque la fatigue se fait ressentir. En effet, une équipe de l’université d’Oxford a réussi à identifier le mécanisme qui provoque le sommeil et ce, après avoir étudié des drosophiles. Des travaux dont ils viennent tout juste de publier les résultats dans le numéro du mois de janvier de la revue Neuron.Ce véritable interrupteur se trouve dans le cerveau et régule l’activité d’un petit groupe de neurones spécialisés dans le sommeil. Ces derniers s’enclenchent quand nous sommes très fatigués et s’affaiblissent une fois le repos suffisant. “Quand vous êtes fatigués, ces neurones s’expriment fortement et vous endormissent”, explique le professeur Gero Miesenböck qui a participé à l’étude.Des neurones non activésCe sont des drosophiles mutantes créées par les chercheurs qui ont permis la découverte. Concrètement, ces mouches ont été modifiées afin de ne pas produire une molécule clé qui influe sur l’activité électrique de leur cerveau. Les scientifiques ont alors observé qu’en absence de cette molécule, un groupe particulier de neurones n’était jamais activé. En a résulté une insomnie sévère qui a provoqué de graves troubles cognitifs chez ces mouches, de la même manière que le manque de sommeil affecte les humains. “Il y a des groupes de neurones similaires [à ceux des drosophiles] dans une région du cerveau humain, précise Jeffrey Donlea qui a codirigé l’étude. Ces neurones sont également actifs pendant le sommeil et, comme ceux des mouches, sont la cible des anesthésies générales qui nous endorment”.”Il est donc probable qu’un mécanisme moléculaire similaire à celui découvert chez les drosophiles puisse également fonctionner chez les humains”, poursuit-il repris dans un communiqué.Pourquoi dormir ?Une telle découverte pourrait ouvrir la voie à de nouveaux traitements contre les nombreux troubles du sommeil qui existent. Reste encore à découvrir pourquoi, au fond, nous avons besoin de sommeil. Autrement dit, quels sont les facteurs qui déclenchent ce besoin essentiel ?”La grande question est de découvrir à quel signal interne répond l’interrupteur du sommeil, avoue le docteur Diogo Pimentel, l’autre co-directeur de ces recherches. Que font ces cellules du sommeil quand nous sommes réveillés ? Si nous savions ce qui, dans le cerveau éveillé, a besoin d’être redémarré par le sommeil, nous nous rapprocherions de la réponse au mystère du besoin qu’ont les animaux de dormir”.À lire aussiUne application pour lutter contre la dépressionPour réguler le sommeil, le corps utilise deux mécanismes : l’horloge interne et “l’homéostat” du sommeil. La première accorde les humains et les animaux sur un cycle de 24 heures divisé en jour et nuit. Le second est un dispositif installé dans le cerveau qui surveille le nombre d’heures passées éveillé et incite à aller dormir quand ce nombre devient trop important.Comme le thermostat d’une maison Ce mécanisme représente un “point d’assoupissement” interne distinct des facteurs externes. Lorsque cet homéostat est éteint ou hors d’usage, le manque de sommeil s’installe. “Ce qui nous fait dormir la nuit est probablement une combinaison de deux mécanismes. L’horloge interne dit que c’est l’heure et l’interrupteur du sommeil a accumulé de la pression durant la journée d’éveil”, commente le Prof Miesenböck. Selon le chercheur, l’homéostat du sommeil est similaire au thermostat d’une maison. “Un thermostat mesure la température et se positionne sur le chaud lors qu’il fait trop froid”. De même, l’homéostat du sommeil mesure “depuis combien de temps une mouche est éveillée et “allume” le petit groupe de cellules spécialisées dans le cerveau si nécessaire. C’est alors la réponse électrique de ces cellules nerveuses qui met la mouche au repos”. Le 21 février 2014 à 11:53 • Maxime Lambert
Germany manager Joachim Low has no plans to make any further attempts in contacting Mesut Ozil againThe 30-year-old playmaker announced his international retirement in the summer after receiving the brunt of the blame for Germany’s group stage exit at the World Cup.Ozil cited a lack of support from the German Football Federation (DFB) for the racism and discrimination he suffered for his Turkish ancestry from the supporters.Things between Ozil and Low also reached a low point afterwards with the latter making several attempts to speak to him.Top 5 Bundesliga players to watch during the weekend Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 11, 2019 With the international activity cooling down for the next month, we go back to the Bundesliga’s Top 5 players to watch next weekend.The German…Ozil then failed to show up at Arsenal’s training base in September, when Low came to visit former Germany defender and new academy boss Per Mertesacker.“No, at the moment, I don’t have any plans to do so,” Low told Sport Bild on whether he intends to make contact with Ozil again.Ozil is currently a doubt for Arsenal’s trip to Old Trafford tonight in the Premier League against Manchester United due to a back injury.
Hazy future? Auto sector’s sharp decline in sales is indicative of the general economic slowdown. Business houses have sought a generous stimulus package.Twitter/ANIIndia has slipped into an economic slowdown by the admission of many in the government and as revealed by some key economic indicators. The marked drop in automobile sales for several successive months is only one of the indicators, according to experts. There are many others though the information technology remains the only sector that is bucking the trend. However, Bimal Jalan, a former Reserve Bank of India (RBI) governor, has said the current slump is only cyclical and that the economy could revive in the short term.Jalan’s optimism goes against a nagging fear that the country could slip into a recession if the global factors take a turn for the worse. A recession is defined as an economic contraction for three successive quarters. If the decline in growth rate continues at the current rate, global factors could hasten the slide into a recessionary territory, according to some experts. India’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate has been slowing for several successive quarters. As the economic activity has contracted, the GDP growth from January to March 2019 slowed to 5.8 percent. It is estimated to have further contracted in the April-June 2019 quarter also.The equity markets have also been affected by the negative vibes with National Stock Exchange (NSE) benchmark Nifty languishing in the bearish territory after scaling the record high of 12,103 points on June 3. It closed on Tuesday at 10,925 points. The market slide seems to have been hastened by the flight of foreign portfolio investors (FPI) that were jolted by the tax surcharge on the super-rich and a 10 percent increase in public holding of shares to 35 percent announced in the maiden Union Budget of Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.Job data has been disappointing for Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government, which rode a landslide victory in the April-May general election 2019 to power for the second successive tenure. Estimates show unemployment has surged to the highest in many decades. Bumpy ride? Automakers including Maruti Suzuki have reported that auto sales have slumped through successive months, affecting the health of many upstream and downstream segments of the economy. The economy is in a slowdown and global factors could dictate its course.@Maruti_Corp / twitterThe RBI cut the repo rates for the fourth successive time in its last Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) meeting earlier this month in an attempt to infuse more liquidity into the economy. However, the banking sector that has been facing a huge backlog because of rising non-performing assets (NPA) has been slow to transfer the benefits of lower rates to the end customers. RBI governor Shaktikanta Das has not achieved much headway on the matter despite several meetings with bankers.NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant said at a recent program that too many reforms in a short time have sapped the economy of growth momentum. He cites Goods and Services Tax (GST), Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), and Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) among the reforms, even as he leaves out one of the most debilitating measures, which was currency demonetization. He has advocated a focus on structural reforms to improve ease of doing business and global competitiveness. On her part, Nirmala Sitharaman has been meeting the industry stakeholders after the Union Budget 2019 to find a way to stimulate economic growth. Finance Ministry sources indicate that the government may soon give a booster dose of incentives to the economy to stimulate growth. Consumption, which is the most important metric of India’s economic growth as it forms about three-fifths of the economic activity in the country, has contracted, according to a report on the Livemint website. Domestic car sales during the April to June 2019 quarter fell by 23.3 percent year on year. This is the biggest contraction in quarterly sales since 2004, according to the report. A slowdown in car sales hits upstream and downstream sectors. Vehicle loans growth has slipped 5.1 percent, the slowest in about five years. Two-wheeler sales also have been affected, though not to the extent of car sales, contracting by 11.7 percent during the June 2019 quarter. Still, it is the biggest fall since the third quarter of 2008 financial year, when two-wheeler sales had contracted by 14.8 percent, at the beginning of the financial crisis. Real Estate sector has not looked up for several years now as realtors struggle with skewed supply metrics. Attempts of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government to infuse liquidity into the economy are not showing results despite Reserve Bank of India’s four successive interest rate cuts.Tractor sales also fell in the April to June 2019 quarter by 14.1 percent, marking the worst fall in nearly four years, the report says. Housing sales have also slowed with the number of unsold units in India’s top 30 cities rising to 12.8 lakh from 12 lakh during the year ending by March 2019. The supply metric is skewed by the rise in housing loan disbursal, showing that second- or third-time sales of units are thriving while more new units keep flooding the market. The stagnation in real estate prices is an indication that people, in general, feel they have less disposable wealth. Economy observers also suggest that the 5.3 percent fall in non-oil, non-gold, and non-silver imports during the June quarter is a good indicator of a decline in consumer demand. This is reckoned the biggest contraction in three years despite a 6.3 percent rise during the same period last year. A fall in commercial vehicle sales and rail freight growth also point to the slowdown, according to the report. Despite the government’s Make in India push, the value of new projects announced during April to June 2019 fell by 79.5 percent year-on-year, marking the biggest fall since September 2004. The value of new investment projects during the quarter was estimated at Rs 71,337 crore, the lowest since September 2004. The slowing growth in new projects is believed to be an indicator of the declining faith of businesses in the short-to-medium term economic future. Coupled with the 48 percent drop in projects completed during the period in comparison to the same period last year, makes the picture clearer.The country’s slowdown, experts suggest, is happening in a comparatively benign global environment with the oil prices within manageable limits. However, if US President Donal Trump does push for upping the ante in the Middle East over Iran’s nuclear disarmament defiance, the oil could hit $100 a barrel, pushing up the country’s import bill and the revenue account deficit. If Chinese President Xi Jinping opts to intensify China’s trade war with the US, the global economy could be hit, more seriously, dragging down the Indian economy.
Baltimore’s City Council has taken a step closer to implementing a $15 per hour minimum wage.The Council’s Labor Committee voted 4-0 this week in favor of a bill that will gradually increase the city-wide minimum wage to $15 by 2022.The legislation will be voted on by the full council in August, and includes an amendment proposed by Councilwoman Mary Pat Clarke to exempt the city’s small businesses from the $15 per hour minimum wage requirement. The amendment would exclude businesses with fewer than 25 employees or less than $500,000 in gross annual revenue from the requirement.Despite the unanimous vote by the committee, the legislation will face stiffer opposition when it reaches the full council. Several council members, including Council President Jack Young, have already gone on record as opposing the measure. Young said the city budget can’t absorb an across the board minimum wage increaseThe Greater Baltimore Committee and other business-backed groups also oppose a city-wide increase in the minimum wage.“Baltimore needs more jobs and appropriate training programs for low-skilled workers to develop career paths in the workforce,” Donald C. Fry, president and CEO of the Greater Baltimore Committee, said in a statement. “Unfortunately, a $15 per hour minimum wage for Baltimore looks like it would be a job killer.”But Eliot Williams, an employee of Sankofa African and World Bazaar on Charles Street, said he understands both sides of the issue.“As an employee, I can definitely see the need,” he told the AFRO. “But for small businesses, it’s a little unsettling. I can see the good and bad in raising the minimum wage.” Williams said that Black businesses will be left particularly vulnerable, despite their close ties to their communities.Clarke, the bill’s original champion, is joined by a variety of the city’s labor unions and community groups in support of its passing.Baltimore would be among the first major American cities to pass a $15 an hour minimum wage bill. In June, Washington D.C. passed a bill to increase minimum wages to $15 per hour. Baltimore currently does not set a minimum wage; city workers are paid in accordance with the state’s minimum wage laws, which recently increased to $8.75 and is scheduled to max out at $10.00 per hour by 2018.
Individual parenting neurons (red) are labeled based on their projections to other brain areas. Credit: Johannes Kohl This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2018 Phys.org Kohl’s work involved studying a small group of neurons in the mouse brain situated in the medial preoptic area (MPOA) in the hypothalamus. He looked specifically at neurons in the MPOA that included a molecule called Galanin—prior work had shown it to be involved in parental care activities in mice. To learn more about what went on with such neurons during child care, he used imaging techniques to watch as neurons fired while a mouse went about child care duties.Reviewing the video footage, Kohl discovered that neurons in the MPOA were organized into what he described as individual pools. And each of the pools communicated with different brain regions—sometimes as many as 20 of them. He then focused his efforts on the pools that were most active during times when a given mouse was engaging in a parental activity. Doing so allowed him to identify which them, which led to the discovery of which pools in the MPOA are most involved in controlling how a mouse behaves as it cares for its young. He also found that while the entire MPOA became active during times of parental care, certain pools were individually activated during different parental activities. This suggested that those individual pools were directly involved in carrying out such activities. Each activity he found, involved communicating with certain other brain regions that were involved in such things as motor control. Interestingly, several of the pools communicated with parts of the brain that have been identified as emotional behavior centers and natural reward monitors. Kohl also found that he could also alter mouse parental behavior by stimulating or deadening nerves in different pools. Functional architecture of the parenting circuit. Credit: Johannes Kohl Explore further Johannes Kohl, a molecular and cellular biologist at Harvard University, has been awarded the grand prize in the Eppendorf & Science Prize for Neurobiology competition. He describes his work in an Essay on Science and Society piece for the journal Science. Kohl won for his work studying the mechanics of brain activity in mice as they care for their young. More information: Johannes Kohl. Circuits for care, Science (2018). DOI: 10.1126/science.aav1249 Citation: Molecular and cellular biologist wins Eppendorf & Science Prize for Neurobiology for work on mouse brains (2018, October 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-10-molecular-cellular-biologist-eppendorf-science.html Journal information: Science How mice are hardwired for parenting Overall, the work by Kohl was deemed significant by the judging panel because it shed light on the brain circuitry involved in the important activity of parenting.
© 2019 Science X Network The study began when Sellier became frustrated with his efforts to make a very flat crêpe—most people who eat crêpes would no doubt agree that flat is the optimal shape. Lumpy or bumpy crêpes tend to cook unevenly, resulting in some parts cooking either too much or too little. Sellier recalls his wife pointing out that as a physicist specializing in fluid dynamics, he should be able to figure out how to best pour and cook a simple crêpe. Intrigued, he paired with Boujo to do just that.To come up with the best technique for getting crêpe batter to lay down in the pan, the two created a simulation that showed both the pan and the batter in action. To come up with an optimal approach, the researchers applied adjoint optimization—a math-based approach that takes into account the motion of fluids in a moving container. After tweaking, the simulation showed the researchers the best way to cook a crêpe.The simulation suggested the best technique was pouring the right amount of batter onto a hot frying pan and then tilting the pan quite steeply, forcing the batter to run downhill all the way to edge of the pan. Next, the pan should be rotated in a way that forces the batter to spread to other parts of the pan—until it is completely covered. The angle of the pan should be gradually reduced during the final step until the pan lies flat on the stove.The researchers report that their results showed an 83 percent improvement in crêpe uniformity and a seal of approval from their delighted daughters. They note that their simulation could also be used for other liquid applications, such as making chocolate or applying coatings to smartphone screens. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Contours of film thickness h(x, t) for the optimal harmonic kinematics minimizing U(tf ), obtained with the Monte-Carlo method. Credit: arXiv:1901.06028 [physics.flu-dyn] A pair of fluid dynamics physicists, one with Ecole Polytechnique, the other the University of Canterbury, have used their respective backgrounds to develop the optimal way to fry a crêpe. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review Fluids, Edouard Boujo and Mathieu Sellier describe their approach to finding the best way to cook a crêpe. More information: E. Boujo et al. Pancake making and surface coating: Optimal control of a gravity-driven liquid film, Physical Review Fluids (2019). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.4.064802 , https://arxiv.org/abs/1901.06028 Using the physics of your perfect pancake to help save sight Citation: Using fluid dynamics to perfect crêpe cooking techniques (2019, June 20) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-06-fluid-dynamics-crpe-cooking-techniques.html Credit: CC0 Public Domain Explore further
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